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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCH ON SPORT SCIENCE   WINTER 2006 , Volume 3 , Number 9; Page(s) 87 To 104.
 
Paper: 

THE STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PREVALENCE OF SPORT INJURIES AND SOME INJURY CAUSING FACTORS AMONG COLLEGE STUDENT FREE-STYLE TOP WRESTLERS OF IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  ZAKANI A., SHOJA ALDIN S.S.A.D.
 
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Abstract: 

Purpose: In the research project the aim is the investigation of prevalence of sport injuries among top free-style college student wrestlers of Iran.
Method: This research's method is descriptive and expost. So 97 wrestlers with the average age of 22.11 years, average height of 176.2 cm. average weight of 74.58 kg are choose as sample, from the participated in the 7th university student's Olympiad in Isfahan, 2004.
The gathered data are statistically analyses and are presented in tables and diagrams. Also questionnaire's reliability coefficient calculated by use Alpha CRONBAKH (83) Percent.
Results: The results of research shows that in the research sample the tendon muscular injuries(68.18%) in comparison to osseous and joint injuries are more widespread, and also among tendon muscular injuries so res and sprains different part of body, specially upper limb are m ore 0bserved.
In sum, upper limb with (39.73%) of reported injuries is more susceptible than the lower limb and trunk vertebral column. Also in comparison with the other limbs, head and face with (15.56%) of injuries is less susceptible.
According to student wrestlers the followings are named as the most important causes of the injuries: weight losing (more than three kg), wrong method soft raining, lack of scientific methods of exercise, fouls of rivals, inadequate warm-up; and fatigue of athletes.
Also findings show that there is meaningful relationship between the following variables:
- Weekly exercise sessions and joint injuries in upper limb and tendon muscular injuries in lower limb.
- Length of warm-up exercise and Joint Injuries in trunk and vertebral column.
- Warm-uptime and osseous injuries in upper limb and lower limb and trunk and vertebral column.
- Coach non-attendance and osseous injuries in lower limb, and finally sever exercises and osseous injuries in upper limb.
Conclusion: According to this result, the tendon muscular injuries in comparison to other kinds of injuries are more observable, and upper limb is more subject to injuries, and also among personal and environ mental factors of injuries, the loss weighting over three kg before the competition is the more important factor of recorded Injuries.

 
Keyword(s): WRESTLERS, SPORT INJURIES, STUDENTS
 
References: 
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