Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   FALL 2006 , Volume 8 , Number 3 (30); Page(s) 53 To 60.
 
Paper:  THE EFFECT OF ROAD AND RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION ON WILDLIFE
 
Author(s):  RIAZI B., KHORASANI N.A., KARAMI M., HOUSHYAR DEL B.
 
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Abstract: 

Biological environment, especially the wildlife, has seriously been affected by road and railway construction projects. The studies done on natural ecosystems in recent decades introduce roads and railways as factors that threaten the wildlife through the destruction and fragmentation of their habitats and preparing the grounds for overhunting and pollution.                     

For the animals whose habitats are in roadsides, noise pollution causes disorders in their hearing so that they cannot do their biological activities well. Meanwhile, they suffer from air pollution which leads to respiratory problems and other biological disorders. If the mitigation measures suggested in this article are employed, these difficulties can be decreased. Generally, roads have more negative effects on the wildlife than the railways. The main problems of roads are: the salt that is used for deicing the road surfaces, increasing access to the natural ecosystems, and as a result, destruction of the environment and hunting of the animals, use of warm surfaces of the roads -- specially by reptiles -- and attraction of animals to the road by car lights at night.
 
Keyword(s): ROAD, RAILWAY, WILD LIFE, IMPACT
 
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