Paper Information

Journal:   WOMENS STUDIES   WINTER 2007 , Volume 4 , Number 3; Page(s) 41 To 61.
 
Paper: 

HISTORICAL SOCIOLOGY OF SECULARISM: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF PROHIBITION AGAINST THE USE OF RELIGIOUS SYMBOLS AT THE FRENCH PUBLIC SCHOOLS

 
 
Author(s):  KIEAN POUR MASOUD, YAZD KHASTI BEHJAT
 
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Abstract: 

In this paper, while focusing on the consequences of prohibition against the of use religious symbols at the French public schools serving the Muslim community, we have tried to offer an analysis of the reasons behind passing the above prohibition. In so doing, we have drawn upon data from historical sociology and upon the roots of the formation of the republican tradition of the Republic of France. To this end, definitions of republican values, citizenship, and secularism are presented. Then a sketch of the ideas of both proponents and opponents of such a law are provided. At the end, the possible legal challenges to, and impediments of confronting French government are considered. The result of the study indicates that the French legislators enacted the law by emphasizing the definition of republican principles and the concept of citizenship thereof accordingly. They also intend to modify the trends of immigration into their country in order to prevent fundamentalist Muslims from entering France, while making it easier for non-fundamentalist Muslims to gain admittance to France.

 
Keyword(s): RELIGION, SECULARIZATION, REPUBLICANISM, PROHIBITION AGAINST THE USE OF RELIGIOUS SYMBOLS, CITIZENSHIP
 
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