Paper Information

Journal:   OLYMPIC   SPRING 2008 , Volume 16 , Number 1 (SERIAL 41); Page(s) 99 To 108.
 
Paper: 

META- ANALYSIS OF DONE STUDIES IN FIELD OF MENTAL PRACTICE OF MOTOR SKILLS IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  SALMANIAN A.*, FAROKHI AHMAD
 
* UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

The purpose of this study is the meta-analysis of researches done in the field of effects of mental practice on motor skills in Iran. In this method analysis unit is not subject but study. The method of this research is quantitative meta- analysis of studies by effect size quantitative technique. In order to investigate the effects combined exercise and 'physical exercise and also the effects of skill level in using the mental practice with consolidation physical exercise, 21 studies were considered that 16of them were measurable and 71 effect sizes were obtained. The review of collected studies showed that in 95 percent of hypothesies which suggested the effect of physical practices and 92 percent of hypothesies which suggested combined practice caused progresses in performance of motor skills. 56 percent of reports show that combined practices are more effective and 44 percent shows non-significant differences. Quantified results of effect sizes with t –independent test showed no significant difference between physical exercise and combined exercise (p=0.91). These findings are consistent with the other meta-analyses which doesn't support the dominance of mental imagery. But there was a significant difference between the effect sizes of skilled and non skilled subjects (p=0.01), which suggested the dominance of skilled subjects in using mental imagery. These results support the other studies' results.

 
Keyword(s): META-ANALYSIS, MENTAL PRACTICE, MOTOR SKILLS
 
References: 
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