Paper Information

Journal:   WATER AND SOIL SCIENCE (JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES)   FALL 2007 , Volume 11 , Number 41 (B); Page(s) 433 To 441.
 
Paper: 

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABILITY IN TRADITIONAL LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRIES IN FIROUZABAD COUNTY

 
 
Author(s):  NIK DOKHT R., KARAMI E.A., AHMADVAND M.
 
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Abstract: 

Sustainability of livestock production systems (LPSs) is of prime importance to the needs of human beings. From a sustainability point of view, an LPS is sustainable when it is environmentally nondestructive, economically viable and socially provides appropriate quality of life for producer and the whole community. Iran LPS is primarily based on traditional production systems. Therefore, an important issue for animal production in this country is the question of sustainability of traditional LPSs. The aim of this paper was to investigate and compare the sustainability of traditional LPSs in Firouzabad County. Three dimensions of sustainability were considered. Survey research was used to reach this purpose. Therefore, 300 livestock producers in “Nomadic”, “Semi-nomadic” and “Village- based” system were interviewed. Respondents were selected by a multi-stage cluster random sampling method. Face validity was confirmed by experts and the questionnaires were subjected to reliability testing using data collected in the pilot study. Findings showed that all three LPSs were unsustainable with regard to social, economical, and technico-environmental dimensions. Comparison of LPSs showed that Village-based LPS was from social dimension relatively sustainable and technically and environmentally unsustainable. While nomadic LPS was from social dimension relatively unsustainable and technically and environmentally sustainable.

 
Keyword(s): SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, TRADITIONAL LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, FIROUZABAD, FARS
 
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