Paper Information

Journal:   OLYMPIC   SPRING 2008 , Volume 16 , Number 1 (SERIAL 41); Page(s) 17 To 26.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATIONAL AND RELAXATION MUSIC ON AEROBIC PERFORMANCE, RATINGS OF PERCEIVED EXERTION AND SALIVARY CORTISOL IN ACTIVE MALES

 
 
Author(s):  GHADERI MOHAMMAD, AGHA ALINEZHAD HAMID*, AZARBAIJANI M.A.
 
* TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

The effects at motivational and relaxation music on aerobic performance (AP), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and salivary cortisol (SC) during sub maximal running with 80-85 percent of maximal heart rate were studied on 30 volunteer physical education collage students (age: 25.66±3.89 yr, height: 176.65±7.66 cm, weight: 78.45±16.20 kg, body fat percent: 12.86±5.74%, and Vo2max: 38.36±9.19 ml/kg/min). The subjects run to exhaustion in the three random groups: motivational music, relaxation music, and no music. RPE was obtained every 5 minutes during exercise. Saliva samples were collected 15minutesbefore and 5 and 30 minutes after the exercise. The assays of salivary were carried out using ELISA method. Aerobic performance was longer during the motivational music treatment than the relaxation and no music treatment (p£0.05). RPE and cortisol concentration (5 minutes after exercise) were lower for the relaxation music treatment then the motivational and no music treatment (p£0.05). But salivary cortisol concentration 30 minutes after exercise no was significant between three groups. In conclusion, the type of music has impact on aerobic performance, RPE and salivary cortisol concentration after exercise. This study provided some support for the hypothesis that listening motivational and relaxation music reduce physiological and, psychological arousal during sub maximal exercise and increase aerobic performance.

 
Keyword(s): AEROBIC PERFORMANCE, MOTIVATIONAL AND RELAXATION, MUSIC, RPE, SALIVARY CORTISOL
 
References: 
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