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Paper Information

Journal:   PAYESH   JANUARY 2008 , Volume 7 , Number 1; Page(s) 11 To 15.
 
Paper: 

WOMEN, OCCUPATION, MARITAL STATUS AND NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASE RISK FACTORS: FINDINGS FROM THE TEHRAN LIPID AND GLUCOSE STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  AZIZI FEREYDOUN*, EYNI E.
 
* ENDOCRINE RESEARCH CENTER, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective(s): To investigate the relationship between the presences of risk factors for non-communicable diseases and occupation and marital status in Tehran women.

Methods: The sample was composed of 566 working women (216 single, 350 married) and 561 age-matched non-working subjects (151 single, 410 married), selected randomly from among 15005 participants in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). Questionnaires were used to obtain demographic information. In addition, we recorded height, weight, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, body mass index (BMI), and waist to hip ratio (WHR). Serum total cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels were measured and oral glucose tolerance test (GTT) performed. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels were calculated using the Friedwald formula. We used Student's t test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to compare working and non-working women. Variables entered in the model included occupation, marital status, and education.

Results: The mean ± SD age in single and married subjects in the working group was 34.3±8.4 and 34.7±9.0 years, respectively. The same values for single and married subjects in the non-working group were 34.4±8.0 and 35.0±9.0 years. There were significant associations between marital status and the prevalence of all non-communicable disease risk factors (P<0.01). We also detected higher waist circumference and diastolic blood pressure in non-working women compared to those who had a job.
Conclusion: The data show higher levels of some non-communicable disease risk factors in non-working as compared to working women. All non-communicable disease risk factors were higher among married subjects.

 
Keyword(s): WORKING WOMEN, NON-WORKING WOMEN, MARITAL STATUS, NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASE, RISK FACTORS
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 85
 
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