Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCES IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE   WINTER 2007 , Volume 8 , Number 4 (32); Page(s) 71 To 85.
 
Paper: 

RECENT ADVANCES IN COGNITIVE ASPECTS OF OBSESSIVE - COMPULSIVE DISORDER

 
 
Author(s):  SHAMS G., SADEGHI MAJID
 
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Abstract: 

This article aimed to review recent research findings on cognitive aspects of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), to pave the way for future studies. Last three decades has witnessed a great progress in understanding the role of cognitions in forming, persistence and treatment of many psychiatric disorders including OCD. Cognitive variables of OCD emphasize on the interpretations of both the occurrence and the content of intrusive thoughts. Many questions regarding intrusive and unwanted thoughts, impulses, and images have remained unanswered, in clinical and nonclinical populations, including their formation, functions, consequences and their treatment. How an intrusive thought is converted to an obsession is one of the important subjects in OCD literature. The cognitive model implies that the patients with OCD over-value their thoughts and impulses. It seems that these impulses, thoughts, and images are formed as a result of dysfunctional beliefs. Several dysfunctional beliefs such as over-responsibility, thoughts importance, thoughts control, responsibility and threat over-estimation and perfectionism could play an important role in development of the disorder. Many studies have shown the relation between cognitive characteristics and OCD. However, a certain conclusion about the specific fields cannot be drawn. The wide diversity of the findings is a problem in this area.

 
Keyword(s): OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER, COGNITIVE MODEL, RESPONSIBILITY, THREAT ESTIMATION, PERFECTIONISM
 
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