Paper Information

Journal:   WATER AND SOIL SCIENCE (JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES)   FALL 2007 , Volume 11 , Number 41 (B); Page(s) 321 To 331.
 
Paper: 

ESTIMATING THE NUMBER OF SEX ALLELES IN HONEYBEE COLONIES IN CENTRAL REGION OF IRAN AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH STORED POLLEN, COLONY POPULATION AND HONEY YEILD

 
 
Author(s):  SEPEHRI R., TAHMASEBI GH.H., JALALI ZONOUZ M.J.
 
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Abstract: 

During the honeybee breeding project in central Iran, sex alleles homozygoty and sex alleles number in the third generation of 364 colonies were studied in 2003. Sex alleles homozygoty was measured based on Ruttner (1988) and Tarpy and Page (2002) methods. The total area of worker brood area, stored pollen, and drone brood area were measured on the combs. The whole extracted honey weight and remaining honey in the combs were evaluated as honey production of colonies. Adult population was evaluated based on the number of full combs of adult honeybees. The results showed that sex alleles, average homozygoty and number in the colonies were 18.83% and 5.32 respectively. The results showed no significant correlation between homozygoty of sex alleles or sex alleles number and stored pollen (P > 0.05), but significant negative correlation between sex alleles homozygoty and colony population, total brood area and honey yield (P < 0.01) was observed. So introduction of new sire colonies in the mating isolated area is essential to prevent sex alleles homozygoty and also performance of honeybee colonies from decreasing.

 
Keyword(s): HONEYBEE, SEX ALLELES HOMOZYGOTY, SEX ALLELES NUMBER, HONEY YIELD, BROOD AREA, COLONY POPULATION, STORED POLLEN, IRAN
 
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