Paper Information

Journal:   WATER AND SOIL SCIENCE (JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES)   FALL 2007 , Volume 11 , Number 41 (B); Page(s) 285 To 296.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH PROMOTING POTENTIALS OF AZOTOBACTER CHROOCOCCUM NATIVE STRAINS ON GROWTH, YIELD AND UPTAKE OF NUTRIENTS IN WHEAT

 
 
Author(s):  RAJAEI S., ALI KHANI H.A., RAIESI F.
 
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Abstract: 

Azotobacter chroococcum is an important PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) producing compounds needed for plant growth. The aim of this research was to study the effects of different native strains of Azotobacter chroococcum on growth and yield of wheat under greenhouse counditions. Seeds of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. var. Pishtaz) were inoculated with some Azotobacter chroococcum strains capable of producing IAA, HCN, sidrophore and fixing molecular nitrogen. The inoculation of wheat with those strains had a positive, significant effect on biological yield, seed protein percentage, thousand seed weight, leaf area, N, P, Fe and Zn uptake, in particular, by wheat. The increased growth of wheat was most likely due to the production of IAA and enhanced nitrogen fixation by inoculated strains. Some strains of Azotobacter chroococcum native to Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari are established as PGPR. Results also support the efficiency of Azotobacter chroococcum as an important biofertilizer in wheat cropping systems. The selected strains had a significant effect on wheat growth and yield, including biological yield and seed quality under greenhouse counditions. This beneficial effect of Azotobacter chroococcum on wheat is attributed mainly to IAA production and, to some extent to non symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the rhizosphere. So, these strains can potentially be used to improve wheat nutrition of micronutrients such as Fe and Zn, in particular.

 
Keyword(s): AZOTOBACTER CHROOCOCCUM, PGPR, IAA, SIDEROPHORE, HCN, BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION, WHEAT GROWTH, YIELD, NUTRIENT UPTAKE
 
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