Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF POPULATION ASSOCIATION OF IRAN   SUMMER 2006 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 141 To 167.
 
Paper: 

ETHNICITY, EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY AND FERTILITY

 
 
Author(s):  HOSSEINI H., MEHRYAR A.H.
 
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Abstract: 
In this study, we have demonstrated that differences in the attitude, behavior and fertility level of ethnic groups are the reaction of their different position in the educational system caused by unequal development. Findings show that there are deep educational inequality, sex imbalance in literacy and level of education, with higher intensity among Kurd ethnic group, and significant differences in the attitudes, behavior and fertility level among ethnic group.
Yet, after controlling the effect of independent variables, ethnic differences in fertility declined from 2 children into 0.57 children. In general, 39.3% of ethnic group's fertility variance is explained by the variables studied.
Because of high level of educational inequality, attitudes and fertility ideals are also different and support high and low fertility Among Kurds and Turks respectively. These different attitudes caused different demographic functions and continuation of this situation will cause demographic divergency become the predominant in surveyed society.
 
Keyword(s): ETHNICITY, PROXIMATE DETERMINANTS, FERTILITY ATTITUDES AND IDEALS, DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, DEMOGRAPHIC DIVERGENCY, EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY, MULTIPLE CLASSIFICATION ANALYSIS, COHORT ANALYSIS
 
References: 
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