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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 50 , Number 96; Page(s) 155 To 160.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF CHARACTRISTICS AND OUTCOME OF TREATMENT OF REFLEX EPILEPSY

 
 
Author(s):  NIKKHAH K.*, SASANNEZHAD P., SAEIDI M., KHOSRAVI A.R., SHOEYBI ALI
 
* NEUROLOGY DEPARTMENT, GHAEM HOSPITAL, MASHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE, MASHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Reflex epilepsy is a disorder, in which seizure attacks are induced by an external stimulus or, rarely, by a mental activity. The attacks in this disorder are usually provoked just in response to a specific stimulus and patients with this disorder have no unprovoked ictal event in most instances. This research was designed to study different reflex epilepsies and their appropriate managements.

Material and Methods: This descriptive study was done by evaluating the medical files of 9676 patients with the diagnosis of epilepsy, visited in a to-year period (1996-2006) in Dr. Nikkhah Clinic. 33 of them with the final diagnosis of reflex epilepsy were selected. The data (such as, types of seizure, type of stimulus, e1ectroencephalographicfindings, and therapeutic strategy) was recorded for each patient in questionnaire and analyzed by appropriate descriptive statistics and frequency distribution tables.

Results: In the study population, 15 females and 18 males with reflex epilepsy, seizure attacks had been provoked by the following stimuli: visual stimuli in 21 (63.6%) patients, chewing in 4 (12%) patients, mathematical calculating processes in 3 (9%) patients, micturation in 3 (9%) patients, playing chess in one (3%) patient, and warm bathing in another one (3%) patient. Brain CT scan was normal in all of our patients. Seizure attacks were eliminated in 6 patients with visual-evoked reflex epilepsy after cessation of visual stimuli. Being unable to eliminate the stimulant factor, we started antiepileptic drugs for other patients. 90% of these patients have been seizure- free just with sodium valproate.
Conclusion: In a suspected patient whose attacks are related to a specific stimulus, the practitioner should consider the nature and properties of stimulant precisely. The treatment consists of prevention from and elimination of stimulant, and pharmacological managements.
 
Keyword(s): REFLEX EPILEPSY, SEIZURE, EPILEPSY
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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APA: Copy

NIKKHAH, K., & SASANNEZHAD, P., & SAEIDI, M., & KHOSRAVI, A., & SHOEYBI, A. (2007). EVALUATION OF CHARACTRISTICS AND OUTCOME OF TREATMENT OF REFLEX EPILEPSY. MEDICAL JOURNAL OF MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, 50(96), 155-160. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=102253



Vancouver: Copy

NIKKHAH K., SASANNEZHAD P., SAEIDI M., KHOSRAVI A.R., SHOEYBI ALI. EVALUATION OF CHARACTRISTICS AND OUTCOME OF TREATMENT OF REFLEX EPILEPSY. MEDICAL JOURNAL OF MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2007 [cited 2021July29];50(96):155-160. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=102253



IEEE: Copy

NIKKHAH, K., SASANNEZHAD, P., SAEIDI, M., KHOSRAVI, A., SHOEYBI, A., 2007. EVALUATION OF CHARACTRISTICS AND OUTCOME OF TREATMENT OF REFLEX EPILEPSY. MEDICAL JOURNAL OF MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, [online] 50(96), pp.155-160. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=102253.



 
 
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