Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   FALL 2007 , Volume 9 , Number 3 (34); Page(s) 122 To 112.
 
Paper: 

THE FUNCTION OF HUNGERFORDS MODELS IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION

 
 
Author(s):  LAHIJANIAN A.M.*
 
* ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, SCIENCE & RESEARCH BRANCH
 
Abstract: 
In order to prevent 'Environmental degradation' and promote 'Sustainable development', various tools like 'Environmental Law', 'Environmental Audit. 'Environmental Science and Engineering'; 'Environmental Impact Assessment' and 'Environmental Awareness and Education' are being used widely now-a-days. 'Environmental Education' is a powerful tool which can enhance peoples awareness. This tool can be operated through the formal and non formal educational systems. Hungerford's infusion and diffusion models of curricular pattern define environmental education in two different ways. This paper discusses the need for a change in the curriculum and objectives of Environmental Education and current global and Iranian scenario of Environmental Education. It also compares the infusion and diffusion models and suggests that the content areas for inclusion in the formal programs of technician training curricula and activities be integrated in the functioning of the community polytechnics. The study concludes that the infusion model that integrates environmental components into technician curricula is more relevant because it produces environmentally literate Engineers and Technicians for promoting Sustainable Development.
 
Keyword(s): INTEGRATED PATTERN, STAND-ALONE, TECHNICIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM, DISCIPLINE, POLYTECHNIC
 
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