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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   FALL 2007 , Volume 9 , Number 3 (34); Page(s) 71 To 82.
 
Paper: 

ECOTOURISM MANAGEMENT IN JAHAN-NAMA PROTECTED AREA

 
 
Author(s):  MOHARAMNEZHAD N., DOR BEYKI M.*
 
* FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY, SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Jahan-nama protected area (category V in the United Nations list of national parks and protected areas) is located in Alborz mountains in the north of Iran. Its total area is 30600 ha and it has a beautiful landscape, pleasant climate especially in summer, rich flora and fauna, and many historical monuments. In this area, there are also four villages with their unique characteristics.
The aim of this survey was to study, develop, and enhance the ecotourism of this area. The area was visited several times during summer and early autumn, 2003. Field studies show that there are three types of visitors, namely hikers-climbers, native people, and other visitors, each with their special environmental impacts. The area's infrastructures include local transportation, rural accommodation, scattered trails, unsuitable roads and poor service centers. Since tourism has been one of the primary goals of category V regions, and most northern areas in Iran have the potential ecological capacity for extensive tourism (hiking, climbing, wildlife watching, etc.), the proposed ecotourism management in Jahan-nama includes the following:
1) Ecotourism management strategy in Jaghan-nama protected area must
--conserve biodiversity, local ways of life, and traditions;
--establish self-financing mechanisms;
--set up local and public participation in decision-making, planning, and management processes of ecotourism;
--interpret environmental issues for ecotourists in order to educate them;
--create social sensitivity to the environmentally abrasive decisions against the area; and finally
--cooperate with national and international ecotourism organizations and programs.
2) Ecotourism management plan includes:
--Establishment of four proposed management zones (zones I to IV);
--Creation of a monitoring system, i.e., environmental impacts assessment (EIA), an environmental auditing system, and an environmental management system (EMS) in a long-term process;
--Analysis of the visits to the area at several points by using questionnaires;
--Creation or adaptation of physical facilities including alterations in the western road;
--Creation of few nature trails in the centre, south and north-east of the area;
--Improvement of rural accommodations;
--Improving and designing sanitation systems such as waste treatment and recycling units; s
--Provision of two centers in the area for the visitors;
--Designing interpretation and educational programs for ecotourists, local people, government authorities, investors and entrepreneurs, NGOs, and protected area managers, support staff, park rangers, etc.
--Marketing of ecotourism based on the characteristics of ecotourists;
--Creating a self-financing mechanism including types of user fees in the area such as fees to operate restaurants, ecolodge facilities and souvenir shops; entrance fees;fees to use campsites and visitor centers; fees on recreational equipment; sales of educational materials; permits for tour operators and guides; green taxes on litter, etc.
--Designing environmental codes of conduct for ecotourism and generating guidelines for ecotourism industry, local people and ecotourists.
Integration of environmental, economic and sociocultural elements and monitoring Jahan-nama ecotourism management plan will conserve and improve environmental, economic and sociocultural conditions of the area. So, in the future, Jahannama protected area will be an important ecotourism region in Iran.
 
Keyword(s): ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, PLANNING, ECOTOURISM, JAHAN-NAMA PROTECTED AREA
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 77
 
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