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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 9 , Number 2 (33); Page(s) 55 To 64.
 
Paper: 

POSSIBILITY OF WASTE MINIMIZATION IN BANDAR IMAM PETROCHEMICAL COMPLEX: A CASE STUDY OF THE OLEFIN PLANT

 
 
Author(s):  SABZ ALI POUR S.*, JAFARZADEH HAGHIGHIFARD NEMAT ELAH, MONAVARI M.
 
* SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Petrochemical complexes are among the most important industries for the industrial development in our country. Such industries produce wastes which need to be managed. In the past two decades, waste minimization has been considered as a new policy.
In countries where there is not enough environmental supervision over the industries, treatment and disposal are more emphasized. Such an approach leads to an increase in costs and in many cases may cause the resources to be wasted. Since waste minimization strategy can reduce the problems, the modern management of decreasing wastes is considered as a national strategy.

In this research, the possibility of industrial wastes minimization is studied in the Olefin Plant which is an important unit for producing raw materials for the other polymeric plants in Bandar-e-Imam Petrochemical Complex. To achieve the goals of the study, such issues as the production process, qualitative and quantitative properties, and also reasons for the waste material production were investigated.
Both the quality and the quantity of these materials were determined after the identification of waste materials. The results show that 11,972,000 kg of industrial wastes is produced in the Olefin Plant annually. These materials were then categorized according to the method proposed by the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP). It was determined that 89.67% of the waste materials of the Olefin Plant were hazardous and 10.29% non-hazardous.
The hazardous wastes consisted of catalysts, coke, asbestos, used oils and gallons, and polymeric sludge. Then the existing options for waste minimization were surveyed and it was determined that 91% of hazardous wastes could be recycled and 8.94% could be reduced.

 
Keyword(s): HAZARDOUS WASTES, UNEP CLASSIFICATION, WASTE MINIMIZATION, OLEFIN PLANT, PETROCHEMICAL COMPLEX
 
References: 
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