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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 9 , Number 2 (33); Page(s) 47 To 54.
 
Paper: 

INVESTIGATION OF INDUSTRIAL HAZARDOUS WASTE: A CASE STUDY OF FARS PROVINCE

 
 
Author(s):  AMIRIAN P.*, TALEB BIDOKHTI N., JAFARZADEH HAGHIGHIFARD NEMAT ELAH, NABIZADEH NOUDEHI R.
 
* FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENTAL, SCIENCE AND RESEARCHE BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, AHWAZ
 
Abstract: 

Due to having features such as toxicity, corrosiveness, ignitability, reactivity or other similar characteristics, hazardous wastes refer to the wastes that jeopardize man’s health and environment. Hazardous wastes are produced by different industrial, commercial, agricultural or even domestic activities, their risk varies according to the type of materials and environmental conditions, and they can bring about different effects including acute, chronic, short-term and long-term ones. Because of economic and health considerations, a study was required to identify the industrial hazardous wastes in Fars Province, since it plays an important role in the development of the country’s industry. In this study, 101 industrial units were selected and the necessary data were gathered using a questionnaire, interviewing those in charge of the units, and referring to the available documents. The information includes the type and amount of waste, method of temporary storage, frequency of waste discharge, method of final disposal, and the condition of recovery and reuse of waste. Meanwhile, for storing and analyzing the data, an «industrial waste database» was made. The obtained results indicate that 3,011,277.1 tons of wastes are produced each year, excluding the uncontrolled industrial waste water, of which 2,505.52 tons are categorized as hazardous wastes (based on the list of the Basel Convention). Of these wastes, 13.42% are toxic. Besides, 72.12% of the wastes are liquid and 12.63% are solid. It is to be mentioned that there is no temporary storage for 22.92% of these wastes. Moreover, 27.66% of them are disposed of in the environment without any kind of control. Furthermore, all the aspects of the management of hazardous wastes are analyzed and their results presented.

 
Keyword(s): INDUSTRIAL HAZARDOUS WASTE, BASEL CONVENTION, DATABASE, FARS PROVINCE
 
References: 
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