Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SPRING 2007 , Volume - , Number 29; Page(s) 107 To 116.
 
Paper: 

A SURVEY ON MEDEA'S DRAMATIC CHARACTERS (BY EURIPIDES AND CORNEILLE)

 
 
Author(s):  NEMAT TAVOUSI M.*
 
* RESEARCH CENTER OF CULTURAL HERITAGE, HANDICRAFTS AND TOURISM, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Medea saga has been enchanted so many distinguished dramatists, from ancient time up to now. Though all of them followed the same sequence of actions, they presented different subject matters. Since the dramatic character plays a central role in every dramatic text, this research aimed at investigating the element of dramatic character to achieve a better understanding of the techniques in developing different subject matters based on one sequence of actions. How the playwrights elaborated their dramatic characters and the network communications of the characters, to attain their aspired subject matters, were surveyed in this research,-Subsequently the main hypothesis of this research formed as following: The outstanding traits of dramatic characters and their network communications can play a crucial role in developing different subject matters. To appraise this hypothesis two works among all plays written based on Medea had been selected: Medea by Euripides and Medee by Corneille to examine this hypothesis on these cases. Euripides portrayed an unscrupulously clever woman, namely Medea, in a sequence of actions which was followed by most playwrights who picked Medea as their heroin for their works. Corneille inherited the sequence of actions from Euripides and some of Seneca's ideas in his Medea. So the dramatic characters of these two plays were examined comparatively in terms of numbers, characteristics and network communications. Hence it has been shown though Corneille and Euripides built up their plays according to the same sequence of actions, they presented different characters in terms of number and identity. In addition the network communications of the characters that each of them structured revealed two diverse approaches. Euripides put Medea on the center of all communications, characters mostly addressed Medea. But Corneille presented his characters in a multi-dimensional network communications produced complex relationships. On the other hand Euripides orchestrated women characters, Medea, nurse and chorus, so sophisticated that he could generalize Medea's problems to women's. Euripides linked the subject matter of Medea's trouble such as exile and the position of women. But Corneille concentrated on Medea's odd situation as a wicked witch, barbarian and tragic heroin to show an unusual woman suffered from spiritual turmoil. Moreover the antagonist and protagonist on Euripides had been attributed characteristics such as cleverness, intelligence and tricky that could present a strong tragic conflict. Corneille illustrated Medee as a betrayed and insulted woman who tried to win back her husband love. Finally she accepted defeat and planned a diabolic avenge. Jason, a timid, opportunist and ambitious husband in the face of such determination appeared so weak rather evil. Naturally their confrontation produced more or less a sense of sympathy for Jason. Worth to be noted, in Euripides Medea was genuinely torn between her maternal love of her children and fierce desire for revenge. Some of this could be traced in Corneille. But the truly human drama was lost; instead it was supposed to understand the truly horrific power of the passions when they are out of control.

 
Keyword(s): MEDEA, NETWORK COMMUNICATION, SEQUENCE OF ACTIONS, SUBJECT MATTER, CHARACTER
 
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