Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SPRING 2007 , Volume - , Number 29; Page(s) 69 To 78.
 
Paper:  RECONSTRUCTING THE MAP OF BAGH SHOMAL IN TABRIZ, ACCORDING TO HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS OF QAJAR PERIOD
 
Author(s):  BANI MASOUD A.*
 
* FACULTY OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY (TABRIZ BRANCH), TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
The majority of the historians of the historical texts know the allocation of Bagh Shomal to Sultan Yaghoub, one of the kings of Agh Ghounlou dynasty who governed during the period between Jahanshah Ghareh Ghounlou's killing and govemment of First King Esmaeil Safavi. In historical texts during the government of Shah Tahmaseb, this garden was mentioned indicating that the king immigrated from Ghareh Bagh and dwelled in Tabriz palace in 926 of Lunar year and commended to celebrate the kingdom party in Bagh Shomal. During the government of the King Mohammad Ali Shah~ this garden was the headquarter of the government's soldiers and some of its places were destroyed because of the Constitutionalists' attack. The Russian soldiers were located at the said place during the years 1950 to 1951. The Bagh Shomal was thrived and was a public park until the end of Ghajarieh dynasty. But after non-brisk, it was divided into some parts. A part of the garden and its edifice were flourished until the World War and military, cultural and sport institutes were established there as of 1961. Bagh Shomal originally was formed of four garden named Great Garden (Apple and Pear), Almond Garden, Farhad and Shirin Garden (Rose Garden) and Gastan Garden. In such a way that the general layout of the garden was extracted from an Iranian geometry and the verities of the gardens did not ruin the garden layout. Bagh Shomal has been such as many of the Iranian gardens, two main edifices (old edifice and European Hat). Emphasis on the area of internal yard as a garden and existence of spatial variety in old edifice of internal section indicates the long residence in the garden. The garden has been planned based on the length axle and symmetry in two sides of middle axle and among the various rectangle and square formed various garden networks, there was a big kiosk with a beautiful pool which approximately occupied two third of the length of the garden. It is seemed that water rotation in the garden was not existed based on the principles of Iranian garden and the extend of main and sub streets of the Garden was designed without water motion path. In this Garden, the shading trees have been used numerously in the extend of the main and sub axle. The main purpose of this essay is to reform a picture of Bagh Shomal according to the existent documents and files of Oajar Period. In this regard, the historical contexts and drawn up maps of the city in Oajar Period are of much more importance. Between the existing maps (Russian map, the map of Darolsaltaneh Oarajeh Daghi, the map of Darolsaltaneh Asadollah Khan Maraghei), the map of Darolsaltaneh Oarajeh Daghi was chosen as a base of reforming the map of Bagh Shomal. In this regard, the drawn up map of Bagh Shomal was reviewed in the map of Darolsaltaneh Oarajeh Daghi by using the existent photos, documents and maps, and finally the specifications of this garden was submitted in a general map.
 
Keyword(s): GARDEN, BAGH SHOMAL, SAFAVIDS, OAJAR, MAP
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 91
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog