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Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SPRING 2007 , Volume - , Number 29; Page(s) 59 To 68.



The principle of hierarchy is one of the essential principles of the universe. In the case of traditional arts it is very significant too. This significance is due to the position of the principle of hierarchy in the frame of traditional thought. This article is first aimed to explain the role of hierarchy in traditional and Islamic- Persian thought in order to examine its various aspects and dimensions. Then in order to examine one of the aspects of hierarchy in Iranian mosques, first the mosques have been categorized into two types based on the way of entering the courtyard. After that the way of entering the court yard is compared with that of entering the iwan and the domed chamber. At the end, the conclusions of this article are represented in two horizons. First, in Iranian mosques the entrance into the courtyard is not coincided with the axes crossing the center of the courtyard. In other words, entering the court yard is from somewhere in margin, but entering the iwan and domed chamber is exactly coincided with the quibla axis which is the main one. The remarkable point is that one is not allowed to pass through the main axis while entering the courtyard but one is allowed to do so while exiting the court yard into the iwan and domed chamber. It is like that some thing happens when somebody is not allowed to enter through the axis but after that is allowed to do so. As if the person who is passing through the iwan is not any longer the one who was marginalized while at the entering point. This difference in the manner of entering two succeeding spaces of a mosque is a testimony to a kind of "hierarchy" which I called it "the hierarchy of becoming a confidant" in this paper. Second, although the architecture is made up of an entirely material structure, it can have a positive impact on the process of the human's soul being connected to the transcendental horizons of existence and can facilitate his or her Gnostic and spiritual perceptions. Such a device as "the hierarchy of becoming a confidant" in a mosque, brings about some differences between the manner of entering one space and the next one and intensifies a feeling of being present in another presence, so that the architecture will play an important role in transferring the person from one state of presence to another. Generally, in the world of tradition there is no division between the natural and the supernatural; all the horizons of existence are in a chainlike and interwoven interaction. Traditional wisdom does not divide knowledge and sciences into a number of restricted areas isolated from the rest horizons of the truth. As a result, it sees the body of architecture in relation to transcendental concepts.

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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 66
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