Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SPRING 2007 , Volume - , Number 29; Page(s) 39 To 48.
 
Paper: 

PERSIAN GARDENS AS A METAPHOR OF PARADISE (WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE SAVAFID'S DYNASTY)

 
 
Author(s):  ANSARI M.*, MAHMOUDINEZHAD HADI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE, FACULTY OF ART, UNIVERSITY OF TARBIAT MODARRES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
According to the description of Paradise in the Holy Koran, Moslems Architects, with attention on this description, have built gardens in this mortal world with the intention of the goal that the Persian Gardens will be the appearance of eternal of futurity and Paradise gardens. Holy Koran has talked about paradise and futurity of mankind which reflected by Moslems architecture, historians and other Iranian skillful in arts in miniatures and historical documents. Therefore, People like to live long. This can be a good reason to build the gardens and holistical buildings as symbols of eternal life in futurity. And so, In Persian historical literature using the metaphors of heaven allegory concept to show the beastliness of their built garden has been known as a fact .The same perception has been reflected in the ideas of Iranian historians and foreign tourists. One of the most prominent forms in a Persian Garden is perhaps it's fourfold. Here, paradise lies in the midst of square after square being divided into smaller squares by channels of water. Water is carried north, south, east and west. Larger paradises give way to smaller paradises. Therefore, the elements of Persian garden (i.e. water, trees, etc.) have been designed and considered in regard with the holy concept of paradise. This subject can show the holy ideas of Iranian Architects in this perception, and indicates the efforts of Persian architects to study the allegory concept of paradise. This metaphor goal has been reviewed in this article in Librarian research method. There is a question here, how much the physical aspect and holistic value of paradise for Moslems architecture that reflects in design of Persian gardens? In spite of other reasons, mentioned about this inclination, it is possible that some particular aspect of this reason as the main one. In the event that, To get rid of severe hot and dry territories by being protected under the shade of trees in ancient Persian gardens might have been the main reason to respect trees and the purpose of some goal to build Iranian gardens. But loving special trees and gardens by Iranian and Muslims and the respect to them may have other reason, as well. The main question in this research which should be replied is that, in fact how much it is possible have been compared Iranian garden with metaphor concept of paradise and how much this idea takes a part in design process of Persian gardens? In the other word, this article with research in historical documents and evidences, show influence of the perception of paradise in building of Persian gardens. Furthermore, this paper intends to introduce and collect the promissory note in itinerary of foreign tourists that reflect the effort of Moslems architecture in this holy objective. Therefore, the article has reviewed the Allegory Concept of Persian Gardens to reflect the holy concept of Paradise in descriptive approach .As the result show, there is a relationship between Persian garden and allegory concept of Holy paradise with particular reflects in safavids period.
 
Keyword(s): PERSIAN GARDEN, PARADISE, IRANIAN HISTORIANS, FOREIGN TOURISTS
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 179
 
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