Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SPRING 2007 , Volume - , Number 29; Page(s) 5 To 16.
 
Paper: 

GOVERNANCE OF TEHRAN CITY - REGION: CHALLENGES AND TRENDS

 
 
Author(s):  AKHOUNDI A.A.*, BARAKPOUR NASER, ASADI I., TAHERKHANI H., BASIRAT M., ZANDI G.
 
* UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, INSTITUTE FOR NORTH AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN STUDIES
 
Abstract: 

For four decades (from early 1960s), different factors have caused spread of development into the Tehran urban fringe and gradual formation of functional region. Some of those factors are: natural growth of population, immigration from villages and small cities to Tehran, approval of Tehran's master plan that resulted in land and property price increase in Tehran city, constraints on establishing new industries and factories inside and adjacent to core city, etc. Previous factors have contributed to the increased population and area of Tehran functional region. This kind of rapid growth, without legislative and administrative arrangements and mechanisms in order to control and guide the region's development, caused different challenges such as informal settlements, environmental deterioration, eradication of agricultural lands and gardens, air/water / soil pollution, urban sprawl, bad transport and so on. These problems have placed Tehran in a very low grade in recent cities international ranking concerning existing quality of life indicators. Moreover, there is another challenge, concerning procedural aspect of decision making process: political and governmental fragmentation, which is very crucial in Tehran case. Political and governmental fragmentation has intensified previous substantive challenges. For coping with this procedural challenge in Tehran Metropolitan Region Governance, a series of acts and regulations have been approved that forced authorities to make and implement policies and plans for controlling and guiding development of the whole region. But so far, appropriate institutions and arrangements required for implementing policies and plans have not been established. Lack of authority for governing the whole region intensifies these challenges. The present paper tries to describe and explain the procedural challenges (Political Fragmentation) for Tehran Metropolitan Region governance, and does not deal with the existing substantive challenges. In this paper, fragmentation and multiple authorities for Tehran Metropolitan Region governance are reviewed in three fields of effective institutions, government and Management territories, and supportive sources (plans, laws and finance). So the main focus of present paper is study and analysis of the crucial challenges of Tehran Metropolitan Region arrangements for governance (political and functional fragmentation) and also attempts that have carried out for coping with those challenges and realizing some integration and regionalism in spatial planning and management of Tehran Metropolitan Region (TMR), the attempts that for lack of supportive sources such as legislative, financial and political tools have not faced with great success. This paper shows that due to the special status of Tehran Metropolitan Region, re-consideration in its governance structure seems to be very necessary. Increasing political fragmentation due to increasing number of political and managerial territories, increasing complexity and diversity of decision-making patterns which stems from the lack of a uniform regional perspective and approach in its governance and management, and processes such as globalization and transition from governing to governance highlight the necessity of this re-structuring.

 
Keyword(s): GOVERNMENT, GOVERNANCE, CITY- REGION, TEHRAN METROPOLITAN REGION, POLITICAL FRAGMENTATION, FUNCTIONAL FRAGMENTATION
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 81
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog