Paper Information

Journal:   GEOGRAPHY AND DEVELOPMENT   FALL-WINTER 2007 , Volume 5 , Number 10; Page(s) 165 To 182.
 
Paper: 

CHANGING THE LARGE VILLAGE TO A SMALL CITY AND THEIR ROLE ON THE REGIONAL BALANCE: RIVASH- KASHMAR

 
Author(s):  SARAEI M.H., ESKANDARI SANI M.
 
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Abstract: 

In this article, the process of changing villages into cities and their role in the regional balance has been inspected through the analytical- descriptive method. This research tries to answer this question: can the policy of changing the large villages to the small cities and the resulted effects be considered as an approach to reach the regional equilibrium?
In this regard, Rivash that has changed to city in 2000, has been analyzed in 2 periods before and after becoming city regarding the different variables: Population, employment, service facilities and possibilities and its effects on the studied region. The achieved result shows that this city has been fully unsuccessful in fixing and keeping the population with poor function, in expanding the functions to the suburb regions and unsuccessful penetration domain in rendering employment and facilities. That's why the studied zone in Kashmar town has the maximum rate of migratory- sending. We conclude that since after changing the cities village into Rivash city, the main investments are devoted to infrastructure and service affairs not to the basis and productive affairs, so these policies concentrate these services in these centers and these places can not play the expected role in the regional balance. At the end of the article, some proposals have been rendered to achieve to logical balanced expansion harmonious with the regional and city persistent development.

 
Keyword(s): RIVASH, SMALL CITY, LARGE VILLAGE, KOOH SORKH, BALANCE REGION-MAKING
 
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