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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (UNIVERSITY OF TABRIZ)   2007 , Volume 17 , Number 1; Page(s) 1 To 11.
 
Paper: 

ANALYSIS OF COMPETITION POWER FOR EXPORT OF IRANIAN ALMOND

 
 
Author(s):  AZIZI J.*, YAZDANI S.
 
* AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, RASHT, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Almond is a horticultural product which is one main non-oil expoits in Iran and its export faces f1uctuation consistently during past years. This study was carried out to examine export comparative advantage of Iranian almond, investigate the change during 1970-2002, and evaluate the a comparative advantage of Iranian almond in competition with other famous countries in its trade and production. The information needed were data of several time series for production and export which was obtained from FAO and export comparative advantage RCA & RSCA were measured. The results indicated that although during 1970-2002 Iranian almond had export comparative advantage in accordance with the standard criteria, but it has fluctuation and decreasing trend. RCA decreased from 222.71 to 4.10 during this period. Thus Iran's position at international market decreases gradually. Regarding the comparative indicators, the almond comparative advantage of USA, Spain, and China were lower than Iran. There was a negative correlation between RCA of Iranian almond and RCA of USA almond. This showed that USA almond is the most important export competitor of Iranian almond. USA could catch Iran's share at international market using modern technologies. Regarding the almond supply function indicated that domestic production, whole cost index. foreign exchange rate inf1uence on iran's exports. Insistency index of export income for almond was 37.2 which showed that Iranian export income of almond had high fluctuation during the past period.

 
Keyword(s):  ALMOND, COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE, RCA, RSCA
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 67
 
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