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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (IJEHSE)   WINTER 2007 , Volume 4 , Number 1; Page(s) 21 To 28.
 
Paper: 

FLUORIDE SORPTION USING MORRINGA INDICA-BASED ACTIV ATED CARBON

 
 
Author(s):  KARTHIKEYAN J.*, SIVA ILANGO S.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY, GANDHIGRAM RURAL INSTITUTE, DEEMED UNIVERSITY, GANDHIGRAM 624302, INDIA
 
Abstract: 

Batch adsorption experiments using activated carbon prepared from Morringa Indica bark were conducted to remove fluoride from aqueous solution. A minimum contact time of 25 min was required for optimum fluoride removal. The influence of adsorbent, dose, pH, co-ions (cations and anions) on fluoride removal by the activated carbon has been experimentally verified. The adsorption of fluoride was studied at 30°C, 40°C and 50°C. The kinetics of adsorption and adsorption isotherms at different temperatures were studied. The fluoride adsorption obeyed both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms and followed a pseudo first order kinetic model. The thermodynamic studies revealed that the fluoride adsorption by Morringa Indica is an endothermic process indicating an increase in sorption rate at higher temperatures. The negative values of DG° indicate the spontaneity of adsorption. SEM and XRD studies confirmed the surface morphological characteristics of the adsorbent and the deposition of fluoride on the surface of the material.

 
Keyword(s): FLUORIDE, ADSORPTION, LANGMUIR ISOTHERM, FREUNDLICH ISOTHERM, INTRAPARTICLE DIFFUSION, THERMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS
 
References: 
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