Paper Information

Journal:   HAKIM RESEARCH JOURNAL   FALL 2006 , Volume 9 , Number 3; Page(s) 39 To 43.
 
Paper:  EVALUATION OF CARIES- FREE INDEX IN 5 YEAR- OLD CHILDREN OF HAMADAN CITY AND DENTAL TREATMENT NEEDS IN 2004
 
Author(s):  HOUSHMAND BEHZAD*, BAKHOUR S., AMIRI S., MOZAFARI H.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Dental caries in childhood is important for two reasons: 1. Childhood is the best years to form correct hygienic habits; 2. There is a close relationship between the decay of deciduous teeth and permanent teeth. One of the WHO goals by the year 2010 is a caries-free index of 90% in 5 year-old children. Thus, the proportion of preschool caries-free children (DMF=0) of Hamedan was assessed in terms of socioeconomic, hygienic and nutritional factors and treatment needs.

Methods: This was a descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study. In this study 240 children in 12 kindergartens were evaluated. Visual and tactile sensation method (mirror & explorer) was selected for determining the DMF. The information obtained was analyzed with Pearson chi square and Fisher's exact tests.

Results: The percentage of caries-free children was 14.7%. High percentage of caries-free teeth was observed in children who used tooth brush and dental floss indicating a significant relationship between hygienic behaviors and caries-free index. Snack feeding and duration of breast-feeding period had important influence on caries rate. Unmet restorative treatment need index (UTNI) was 98% for all these children.
Conclusion: There is no significant relationship between socioeconomic status (parents education and occupation) and caries-free teeth. Caries-free index is considerably lower then the goal determined by WHO for the year 2010 (90%). A program of dental health education should be organized as a PHC activity in kindergartens.
 
Keyword(s): SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS, HYGIENIC BEHAVIORS, CARIES- FREE INDEX, DECIDUOUS TOOTH, FEEDING.
 
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