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Paper Information

Journal:   KAVOSHNAMEH   SPRING-SUMMER 2006 , Volume 7 , Number 12; Page(s) 63 To 94.
 
Paper: 

"MEHR" AND "SUN" IN NATIONAL EPICS

 
 
Author(s):  JAFARI GHARIEH ALI H.*
 
* UNIVERSITY OR RAFSANJAN
 
Abstract: 

One of the ancient rituals in practice for miliniums in Iran, India, and Rome is Mehr worship. It has been headed by a god named Mehr. Being the greatest of gods, Mehr is assisted in guarding the univers by such subordinate associate gods as Moon, Venus, Sun and Wind as well as Soroush and Roshan (god of justice). These many may not be independent; they are not of any effect unless they serve on the side of Mehr. Sun worshipped by both Iranians and non Iranians is considered to have so much in common with Mehr, hence invariably taken the same as that. The two names meaning the same, Sun worship has equated itself with Mehr worship. However, ancient religious texts like Rigveda and Avesta refer to Mehr and Sun separately. This obviously suggests that the two gods are distinct ones.
The present research is a verification of the above - mentioned. It aims at the status of Mehr and Sun in national epics. which finally leads to the conclusion that the word Sun is employed in numerous texts with the same characteristics as Mehr, the god.

 
Keyword(s): MEHR AND SUN, MEHR THE GOD, CELESTIAL GODS AND DESTING, SUN WORSHIP, MITRA'S CAWKILLING
 
References: 
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