Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   MOTALEATE SHAHRI   winter 2020 , Volume 9 , Number 33 ; Page(s) 77 To 92.
 
Paper: 

Spatial-Temporal Analysis Of Robbery Occurrence Inardebil

 
 
Author(s):  Yari Hesar Arastoo*, Yazdani Mohammad Hasan, Pashazadeh Asghar
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Introduction: Robbery is a behavioral and social deviation that has been regarded as a crime and negative, abnormal behavior almost regardless of when and where it has been committed. It is one of the oldest human crimes, observed in various forms in different societies. It is a phenomenon of great importance that disturbs the individual’ s and society’ s security in both financial and physical terms. Since robbery can take place in particular time and location ranges, the main aim of the current research was to identify factors effective on the time and location of committing the crime in the city of Ardabil, Iran, and the researcher sought to provide an answer to the basic question of when and where robbery is committed in Ardabil. Methodology: This was an applied descriptive-analytical study in terms of aim and data collection methodology. The research population included all the robbers serving their sentences at Ardabil jail in Spring and Summer 2017, all 233 of whom filled out questionnaires based on the complete enumeration method. Data collection was carried out through documentary analysis and field elicitation (using a questionnaire). SPSS was used for description and analysis of the data and examination of the hypotheses in accordance with the scales of measurement of the research variables. Thus, the chi-square test was used for investigation of the frequency distributions of the temporal and spatial variables, and Kramers’ test for the relationship between robber’ s place of residence and crime scene. The ArcGIS software was also used for analysis of the dispersion of robber’ s place of residence and crime scene. Results: Place of residence and crime scene were found to be dispersed for most robbers serving their sentences at Ardabil jail. However, the highest frequency of place of residence was observed for the northwestern part, including the suburban area (northwest) and the semi-organic area (central part). As for crime scene, the highest frequency concerned the central part and the newly-constructed area (newly-constructed neighborhoods located in the central part). Given the great similarity between robber’ s place of residence and crime scene based on Kramers’ test results, it could be stated that there was a significant relationship between the two variables. Moreover, the chi-square test results demonstrated that most of the robberies had been committed in summer (September), during the night, on the weekend, and by the drug addict with criminal records and financial problems. Conclusion: Statistical tests and dispersion maps were used in this research for investigation of the times and locations of committing robbery. It could be concluded based on the findings that the crime was committed at particular times; that is, temporal conditions were effective on the occurrence of robbery. Most of the robberies had taken place in newly-constructed, wealthy areas. In fact, the commitment of robbery followed a particular dispersion pattern in spatial terms, and there was similarity and accordance between robber’ s place of residence and crime scene, as evidenced by the observations, hence the significant relationship between the two variables.
 
Keyword(s): Robbery,Robbery scene,Robbery time,Prisoner,Ardabil
 
 
International related papers: 
  • No item.
 
Most related Highly related Moderately related Least related
 
References: 
  • Not Registered.
  •  
  •  
 
Citations: 
  • Not Registered.
 
+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

YARI HESAR, A., & YAZDANI, M., & PASHAZADEH, A. (2020). Spatial-temporal analysis of robbery occurrence inArdebil. MOTALEATE SHAHRI, 9(33 ), 77-92. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=831361



Vancouver: Copy

YARI HESAR ARASTOO, YAZDANI MOHAMMAD HASAN, PASHAZADEH ASGHAR. Spatial-temporal analysis of robbery occurrence inArdebil. MOTALEATE SHAHRI. 2020 [cited 2022January22];9(33 ):77-92. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=831361



IEEE: Copy

YARI HESAR, A., YAZDANI, M., PASHAZADEH, A., 2020. Spatial-temporal analysis of robbery occurrence inArdebil. MOTALEATE SHAHRI, [online] 9(33 ), pp.77-92. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=831361.



 
 
Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 24
 
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog