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Journal:   JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN   spring-summer 2018 , Volume 6 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 1 To 22.
 
Paper: 

Microscopic Observations And Natural Radioactivity Hazzard Indices In Granites Used In Dwelling

 
 
Author(s):  Soltani Abolfazl, Moradi A.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
The purpose of this paper is to determine the natural radioactivity indices of some Iranian granitites used in dwellings and to prevent the natural environmental hazards towards the sustainable development. A total of 62 samples were taken from 13 plutons of Iran; all were microscopically and isotopically studied in detail. The concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in granitic samples were obtained by mass spectrometer in Arak and Tabriz universities. Microscopic observations and systematic data analyses are consistent and reveal the presence of radioactive minerals (e. g. zircon, apatite and titanite) particularly for samples rich in radioactive elements concentration. The average activities of the measured radionuclides varied up to 128 Bq kg-1 for 226Ra, up to 118. 6 Bq kg-1 for 232Th, and up to 1385. 46 Bq kg-1 for 40K, with mean values of 60. 39, 78. 47, and 884. 72 Bq kg-1, respectively. These values are higher than the standard values given for granites worldwide. To assess the radiation hazards associated with granite samples, average radium equivalent activity (240. 72 Bq kg-1), outdoor and indoor external hazard indices (0. 65012, 0. 325061), internal hazard index (0. 81334), annual effective dose rate (0. 13759 mSv/yr), excess life cancer risk (0. 48155 mSv/yr. ), and gamma radiation index (0. 88856) were calculated. The average hazard indices of Iranian granites are smaller than the permitted limit given by UNSCEAR for public purposes, however there is some radiological risk from the usage of samples studied as internal decorative and ornamental building materials in dwellings. Due to the higher radiological hazard indices in granites of Birgand, Kordestan, Zanjan, Azerbayjan and Takab, certain caution is required when using these granites in private locations. In particular, these rocks are not authorized to be used as construction materials for hospitals, dormitories, educational spaces, kindergartens, jails and decorative. Application of standard recommendations of this research reduces the radioactive disease and helps the sustainable development aims (economic, society and environment), fundamentally.
 
Keyword(s): Granitic rocks,Radioactivity,Argon,Thorium,Potassium,Building Materials
 
 
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APA: Copy

SOLTANI, A., & MORADI, A. (2018). Microscopic Observations and Natural Radioactivity Hazzard Indices in Granites Used in Dwelling. JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN, 6(1 ), 1-22. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=664186



Vancouver: Copy

SOLTANI ABOLFAZL, MORADI A.. Microscopic Observations and Natural Radioactivity Hazzard Indices in Granites Used in Dwelling. JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN. 2018 [cited 2022August14];6(1 ):1-22. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=664186



IEEE: Copy

SOLTANI, A., MORADI, A., 2018. Microscopic Observations and Natural Radioactivity Hazzard Indices in Granites Used in Dwelling. JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN, [online] 6(1 ), pp.1-22. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=664186.



 
 
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