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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ZABANPAZHUHI   spring 2018 , Volume 10 , Number 26 ; Page(s) 45 To 66.
 
Paper: 

Substitution of Uvular Consonants of Arabic Loanwords in Standard Persian and Roudbari Dialect: A Comparative Study Within The Framework of Optimality Theory

 
 
Author(s):  JAM BASHIR, RAZMDIDEH PARYA
 
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Abstract: 
1-Introduction Many Arabic loanwords have been adapted by Persian and its numerous dialects. Some of theseloanwords have uvular consonants including the voiceless stop /q/ and the voiced fricative /R/ both of which were replaced by the single phone [G] in standard Persian. However, as /R/ is a phoneme in the Roudbari Persian dialect it is not replaced by any sound. This research aimed at explaining each of these sound substitution processes within the framework of Optimality Theory (Hereafter OT) put forward by Prince and Smolensky (1993/2004). 2-Methodology The Roudbari data were collected by one of the researchers by recording the voices of several male and female native speakers. Then the data were analyzed to indentify the phonological processes and contexts in which they occurred. The phonological processes that occur in the substitution of uvular consonants of Arabic loanwords in standard Persian and Roudbari dialect were analyzed within the framework of Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky, 1993/ 2004). In doing so, the constraints that caused these phonological processes were identified or formalized in case they did not exist in the OT literature. 3-Conclusion Sound substitution is a process whereby a phoneme in a loanword is replaced by its closest phone in the borrowing language. In OT loanwords are subject to the same universal constraints; however their rankings are subject to the phonology of the borowing language. Many Arabic loanwords with uvular consonants including the voiceless stop /q/ and the voiced fricative /R/ have been adapted by Persian and its numerous dialects. Both of these consonants are replaced by a single consonant, the uvular voiced stop [G], in the standard Persian. Unlike the standard accent, /R/ is a phoneme in the Roudbari Persian dialect. Therefore, it is not replaced by any sound. However, neither /q/ nor /G/ exists in the Roudbari dialect phonemic inventory. Hence, /q/ in the syllable onsets of Arabic loanwords is replaced by [k] and [c] in environments preceding [+back] and [-back] vowels respectively. Besides, word-final /q/ is replaced by [c]. It presents arguments in favor of constraint rankings which cause the occurances of these processes. Moreover, it comes up with a single inclusive ranking of constraints that is capable of explaining the replacement of Arabic /q/ by [k] and [c] in all the three environments in Roudbari dialect.
 
Keyword(s): sound substitution,pronunciation of Arabic loanwords,Persian phonology,Roudbari dialect,optimality theory
 
 
References: 
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Cite:
APA: Copy

JAM, B., & RAZMDIDEH, P. (2018). Substitution of Uvular Consonants of Arabic Loanwords in Standard Persian and Roudbari Dialect: A Comparative Study Within The Framework of Optimality Theory. JOURNAL OF ZABANPAZHUHI, 10(26 ), 45-66. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=660216



Vancouver: Copy

JAM BASHIR, RAZMDIDEH PARYA. Substitution of Uvular Consonants of Arabic Loanwords in Standard Persian and Roudbari Dialect: A Comparative Study Within The Framework of Optimality Theory. JOURNAL OF ZABANPAZHUHI. 2018 [cited 2021April11];10(26 ):45-66. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=660216



IEEE: Copy

JAM, B., RAZMDIDEH, P., 2018. Substitution of Uvular Consonants of Arabic Loanwords in Standard Persian and Roudbari Dialect: A Comparative Study Within The Framework of Optimality Theory. JOURNAL OF ZABANPAZHUHI, [online] 10(26 ), pp.45-66. Available at: <https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=660216>.



 
 
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