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Journal:   JOURNAL OF VISUAL AND APPLIED ARTS   fall 2016-winter 2017 , Volume 9 , Number 18 ; Page(s) 23 To 42.
 
Paper: 

Influences Of Society And Culture On The Form Of Sialk's Pre-Historic Pottery

 
 
Author(s):  Eskandari Rasol, Ashouri Mohammad Taghi*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Most archaeological sites of Iran have had the art of pottery. Pottery has a fundamental importance in the study of cultures. Special features of pottery caused to be intact through theincidents. There is no doubt a part of our knowledge about the prehistoric cultures of Iran has obtained through the study of pottery. This paper is about the study of relation between cultural elements and the forms of Sialk's pottery from the beginning to the 6th era. Iran's pre-historic pottery is examined through two main categories: motifs and forms. While our knowledge about the culture, ideology and environment has been achieved through the study of motifs, the form has been studied limitedly. In fact the concepts, thoughts and life of prehistoric human has considered by motifs, while the study of forms has declined to the method of production, techniques and materials. On the other hand we know one of the most important features of pottery in Iran is the diversity of form as every culture has had its special style in making pottery. Also one of the most important problems of pottery is a trend towards the constant production of some forms in a pre-historic culture. For instance at the third period in Sialk, had been a strong trend towards the constant production of goblets. There is absolute different between the form of fourth period and the third. In this period we have a sort of jug that the same type of this vessel had not been in the previous period. Also from the sixth period some teapots with long tube has explored that is different from the previous period’ s vessels. The main intention of this paper is to gain information about the pre-historic culture of Sialk through a new approach to the pottery form. The main question of this paper is that what relation can exist between the constant production of pottery forms and cultural elements in Sialk? The relation between form and culture has considered through three categories: agriculture, religion and social classes. Cultivation of some crops like barley and dairy products had great influences upon the structure of vessel. In some cultures the special ideology or ritual had great influences upon the form of pottery. In religion context the rim, mouth, base and the size of vessel had changed in the third, fourth and sixth era as has analyzed in this paper. As the archaeological documents show the social classes of prehistoric culture had their special vessels. For instance the King in some relief and inscriptions had a small goblet in his hand while the servants has depicted with a big jug on their shoulders. The form and structure of each of these vessels indicate to the situation of these classes. Sialk's pottery has compared with some pre-historic cultures of Iran and Mesopotamia because we know it has been communication between Iran and Mesopotamia’ s cultures. This comparison has done in order to obtain reasonable answer. For instance there is a similarity between the diet of Sialk’ s third era and Ubaid culture. The results of this paper indicate that the similarity between the form of pottery vessels of these cultures related to the diet and religion. The results indicate a strong trend towards the constant production of a form in an era is not accidental and these elements had great influences on pottery form. Along the development of agriculture and appearance of new crops and appearance of religion, pottery form fundamentally had changed. The method of this research is based on analytical and descriptive approach. Study of myths and religious text is inevitable. Hence the intertextual approach is used in this paper.
 
Keyword(s): :MESOPOTAMIA,PRE-HISTORIC POTTERY,SIALK,POTTERY FORM
 
 
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APA: Copy

ESKANDARI, R., & ASHOURI, M. (2017). INFLUENCES OF SOCIETY AND CULTURE ON THE FORM OF SIALK'S PRE-HISTORIC POTTERY. JOURNAL OF VISUAL AND APPLIED ARTS, 9(18 ), 23-42. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=657523



Vancouver: Copy

ESKANDARI RASOL, ASHOURI MOHAMMAD TAGHI. INFLUENCES OF SOCIETY AND CULTURE ON THE FORM OF SIALK'S PRE-HISTORIC POTTERY. JOURNAL OF VISUAL AND APPLIED ARTS. 2017 [cited 2022May22];9(18 ):23-42. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=657523



IEEE: Copy

ESKANDARI, R., ASHOURI, M., 2017. INFLUENCES OF SOCIETY AND CULTURE ON THE FORM OF SIALK'S PRE-HISTORIC POTTERY. JOURNAL OF VISUAL AND APPLIED ARTS, [online] 9(18 ), pp.23-42. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=657523.



 
 
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