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Paper Information

Journal:   IRAN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL   June-July 2016 , Volume 13 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 92 To 102.
 
Paper: 

Development and validation of a questionnaire for safety behavior assessment

 
 
Author(s):  MAHDINIA MOHSEN*, ARSANG JANG SHAHRAM, Sadeghi Abbas, MALAKOUTI JAVAD, KARIMI ALI
 
* Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Background and aims: Safety behavior is a type of job behavior that promotes the health and safety of workers, clients, public and the environment. One of the methods for assessment of safety behavior is the use of questionnaire. Nonetheless, there is no related validated questionnaire in Iran so far. The present study was designed to develop a measurement tool for assessment of safety behavior. Methods: According to the previous studies, a draft of questionnaire with 25 questions was developed. Face validity was done based on expert opinions and necessity, relevance, simplicity and clarity of the questions were also evaluated. To assess the content validity, content validity ratio and content validity index of the questionnaire was calculated. Reliability of the questionnaire was tested with test-retest, interclass correlation coefficient and cronbach's alpha coefficient. Provided questionnaire was distributed among 315 employees of Qom province industries. Data were analyzed through SPSS v. 20. Results: Other than one question, for the rest of the questions CVR value was greater than zero. Mean of agreement ratio for relevance, simplicity and clarity of questionnaire was 0. 91 and for necessity 0. 95. ICC index was equal to 0. 752 (p=0. 009) and Pearson correlation coefficient between test and retest result was 0. 619 (p=0. 02). The scout study Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0. 766 and in the main study was 0. 902. Mean score of safety behavior was 3. 78± 0. 66 and there was a significant inverse relationship between safety behavior score and accident (p<0. 01). Conclusion: The safety behavior questionnaire was designed and validated with 12 questions in safety compliance and 11 questions in safety participation. Provided questioner had high reliability and validity and it is a local tool for assessment of safety behavior with suitable sensitivity and accuracy.
 
Keyword(s): Accident,Safety behavior,Safety performance,Validation
 
 
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Citations: 
 
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APA: Copy

MAHDINIA, M., & ARSANG JANG, S., & Sadeghi, A., & MALAKOUTI, J., & KARIMI, A. (2016). Development and validation of a questionnaire for safety behavior assessment. IRAN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL, 13(2 ), 92-102. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=634332



Vancouver: Copy

MAHDINIA MOHSEN, ARSANG JANG SHAHRAM, Sadeghi Abbas, MALAKOUTI JAVAD, KARIMI ALI. Development and validation of a questionnaire for safety behavior assessment. IRAN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL. 2016 [cited 2021August03];13(2 ):92-102. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=634332



IEEE: Copy

MAHDINIA, M., ARSANG JANG, S., Sadeghi, A., MALAKOUTI, J., KARIMI, A., 2016. Development and validation of a questionnaire for safety behavior assessment. IRAN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH JOURNAL, [online] 13(2 ), pp.92-102. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=634332.



 
 
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