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Paper Information

Journal:   HAYAT   2017 , Volume 22 , Number 4 ; Page(s) 350 To 361.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF SELF-CARE EDUCATION ON THE CONTROL OF DIABETES COMPLICATIONS, MEDICATIONS AND HBA1C IN ADOLESCENTS WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES

 
 
Author(s):  AZIZI MAHDIEH, ARSALANI NARGES*, MOHAMMADI SHAHBOULAGHI FARAHNAZ, HOSSEINZADEH SAMANEH, RAJAB ASADOLLAH
 
* DEPT. OF NURSING, UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND REHABILITATION SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & Aim: Diabetes is a chronic disease that needs lifelong special self-care behaviors. Adolescents with type 1 diabetes need selfcare education for the control of diabetes and the prevention of its complications. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the impact of self-care education on the control of diabetes complications, medications and HbA1C in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
Methods & Materials: This study is a non-randomized clinical trial (IRCT2015051322258N1) carried out on seventy four adolescents aged 12-18 years old with type 1 diabetes referred to the Iran diabetes association. They were selected using convenience sampling method and allocated into two groups (intervention: 34 people, control: 40 people). An educational intervention was performed in five sessions for the intervention group. After education, the patients were trained and followed up using mobile services for three months. The instruments consisted of a demographic characteristics form and a section of the self-care behaviors scale evaluating medications and the control of complications. Data were analyzed by the SPSS software v.18.
Results: Before the education, no significant difference was observed in the mean scores of medications and control of complications and level of HbA1C between the two groups of intervention and control (P>0.05). After the education, there was a significant difference between two groups in the mean scores of medications and control of complications and level of HbA1C (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Self-care education and the follow up after educational sessions can lead to the reduction in diabetes complications and HbA1C level among adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

 
Keyword(s): EDUCATION, SELF-CARE, TYPE 1 DIABETES, ADOLESCENTS
 
References: 
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