Paper Information

Journal:   AVICENNA JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE (SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF HAMADAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH SERVICES)   FALL 2015 , Volume 22 , Number 3 (SN 77) #G00163; Page(s) 248 To 254.
 
Paper: 

THE STUDY OF HEALTH LITERACY OF STAFF ABOUT RISK FACTORS OF CHRONIC DISEASES IN 2014

 
 
Author(s):  ESNA ASHARI F., PIRDEHGHAN A.*, RAJABI F., SAYARIFARD A., GHADIRIAN L., ROSTAMI N., PIRDEHGHAN M.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL MEDICINE, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE HAMADAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES & HEALTH SERVICES, HAMADAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction & Objective: Health literacy is the degree to which individuals obtain, interpret and understand basic health information and services to make appropriate health decisions. The aim of this study was to describe health literacy of Bu Ali Sina university staff to help health care policy makers for proper interventions.
Materials & Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, health literacy of 206 employees was measured using a researcher-made questionnaire. Health literacy about risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, cancers and diabetes was measured in 7 areas including: “attitude to health”, “understanding the information”, “social support”, “socio-economic conditions”, “access to health services", "communication with health professionals" and “application of health information”.
Results: Median of overall health literacy level in identification of risk factors for all three diseases was 3.7, and median of health literacy level in “identification of risk factors” for heart diseases, diabetes and cancers were reported 3.53, 3.44, and 3.58, respectively. Except for cancer, health literacy levels about identification of cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk factors were significantly higher in women (P= 0.02). Educational level increase showed a significant rise in health literacy score (P= 0.008).
Conclusion: As a whole, 75.2% of cases had inadequate health literacy about risk factors of all three diseases. The lowest level of health literacy was related to the” application of health information”. So, regarding the importance of health literacy and its link to health outcomes, it seems that policy makers need to pay more attention to health literacy improvement, particularly in the “application of health information”.

 
Keyword(s): CHRONIC DISEASE, HEALTH LITERACY, RISK FACTORS, STAFF
 
References: 
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