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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS, GYNECOLOGY AND INFERTILITY   JUNE 2016 , Volume 19 , Number 13 ; Page(s) 6 To 17.
 
Paper: 

PREDICTION OF SELF- CARE BEHAVIORS OF WOMEN WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES BASED ON BELIEF OF PERSON IN OWN ABILITY (SELF- EFFICACY)

 
 
Author(s):  KORDI MASOUMEH, BANAEI MAHSIMA*, ASGHARI POUR NEGAR, MAZLOUM SEYED REZA, AKHLAGHI FARIDEH
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Gestational diabetes is one of the issues that can lead to pregnancy adverse outcomes. Self-care is the first step to help the patients for better management of their disease that belief of person in own ability to do a job or adapt to a stressful situation (self- efficacy) is one of the relevant factors. Therefore, this study was performed with aim to predict self- care behaviors of women with gestational diabetes based on belief of person in own ability (self- efficacy).
Methods: This predictor correlation study was performed on 400 women with gestational diabetes referred to health centers and midwifery clinics related to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Data collection tools were Individual questionnaire, self- care questionnaire retrieved from Summary Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) scale and diabetic self- efficacy questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16), Pearson correlation coefficients test and Liner regressions model. PResults: 248 women (62%) with gestational diabetes had moderate self- efficacy and 261 (65.2%) had moderate self- care.
Results: of Pearson correlation coefficients test showed a significant direct correlation between self- efficacy and self- care (P<0.0001, r=0.31) and according to Liner regressions model, self- efficacy was considered as a predictor variable of self- care (P<0.0001).
Conclusion: Self- efficacy is able to predict self- care behaviors in women with gestational diabetes. Regarding the direct linear relationship between these two variables in this study and moderate level of self-efficacy in women with gestational diabetes, the importance of psychological interventions should be considered for treatment of gestational diabetes.

 
Keyword(s): GESTATIONAL DIABETES, SELF, CARE, SELF, EFFICACY
 
References: 
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