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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN REHABILITATION JOURNAL   SEPTEMBER 2017 , Volume 15 , Number 3; Page(s) 277 To 286.
 
Paper: 

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS' CLINICAL REASONING: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  SHAFAROODI NARGES, KAMALI MOHAMMAD*, PARVIZI SOROOR, HASSANI MEHRABAN AFSOON
 
* DEPARTMENT OF REHABILITATION MANAGEMENT, FACULTY OF REHABILITATION SCIENCES, IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objectives: Clinical reasoning is at the heart of clinical work; it is affected by different field factors. A clear understanding of the reasoning process could solve practitioners' problems on how to make their underlying theories, assumptions and values more explicit. The aim of this research is to understand how clinical reasoning process is formed in the context of occupational therapists working in different clinical settings in Iran.
Methods: A purposeful and theoretical sampling of 15 occupational therapists working in clinical settings was performed through semi-structured interviews. All the data were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using Strauss and Corbin’s (2008) grounded theory approach and constant comparative analyses.
Results: Conceptual model was developed to explain the relationships among the main categories extracted through the grounded theory. Achieve an observable change emerged as the core category. Other important categories linked to the core category were, performing the continuum of clinical reasoning, context of clinical reasoning, and effective factors in clinical reasoning.
Discussion: Findings showed that achieving an observable change in the client was the main consequence of the action/interaction strategies. Some facilitating factors related to the therapist, helped to process reasoning with a holistic and client-centered view, while also helping to develop the self-belief and professional identity. The dominance of medical views and a lack of health insurance were two intervening factors that constrained the dynamics of clinical reasoning within the context of practice.

 
Keyword(s): CONTEXT, OBSERVABLE CHANGE, SOCIAL IDENTITY, MEDICAL VIEW, HOLISTIC VIEW, PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY, GROUNDED THEORY, OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST
 
 
References: 
 
Cite:
APA: Copy

SHAFAROODI, N., & KAMALI, M., & PARVIZI, S., & HASSANI MEHRABAN, A. (2017). OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS' CLINICAL REASONING: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. IRANIAN REHABILITATION JOURNAL, 15(3), 277-286. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=561098



Vancouver: Copy

SHAFAROODI NARGES, KAMALI MOHAMMAD, PARVIZI SOROOR, HASSANI MEHRABAN AFSOON. OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS' CLINICAL REASONING: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. IRANIAN REHABILITATION JOURNAL. 2017 [cited 2021April18];15(3):277-286. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=561098



IEEE: Copy

SHAFAROODI, N., KAMALI, M., PARVIZI, S., HASSANI MEHRABAN, A., 2017. OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS' CLINICAL REASONING: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. IRANIAN REHABILITATION JOURNAL, [online] 15(3), pp.277-286. Available at: <https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=561098>.



 
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