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Journal:   FALSAFEH (THE IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY)   SPRING-SUMMER 2016 , Volume 44 , Number 1; Page(s) 73 To 90.
 
Paper: 

The Problem Of Distinction And The Twofold Meaning Of Existence In Descartes

 
 
Author(s):  Tabatabaei Mohammad Taghi*
 
* UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 
Before Descartes, middle age philosophers like Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), Duns Scotus (1266-1308), and Francisco Suarez (1548-1617) used to discuss the distinction between essence and existence in three ways (of course, Ibn-Sina was the first who made this distinction to rehabilitate Aristotelian philosophy in the Islamic heritage). Descartes was aware of that, but discussed it according to the relation between mind and body. Yet, he told us many times that he was used to separate essence from existence in metaphysical issues. The objective of this paper is first to rephrase his untold opinion about the relation between essence and existence on the basis of his conception of the problem of distinction according to mind and body, and second, to disclose that Descartes's conception of existence is twofold. At the end, it is claimed that his twofold notion of existence and his inability to overcome it, is the principal factor in his failure to explicate everything according to first principles, and so in his failure to defeat skepticism.
 
Keyword(s): REAL DISTINCTION, MODAL DISTINCTION, CONCEPTUAL DISTINCTION, FORMAL DISTINCTION
 
 
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APA: Copy

TABATABAEI, M. (2016). THE PROBLEM OF DISTINCTION AND THE TWOFOLD MEANING OF EXISTENCE IN DESCARTES. FALSAFEH (THE IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY), 44(1), 73-90. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=546307



Vancouver: Copy

TABATABAEI MOHAMMAD TAGHI. THE PROBLEM OF DISTINCTION AND THE TWOFOLD MEANING OF EXISTENCE IN DESCARTES. FALSAFEH (THE IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY). 2016 [cited 2022May17];44(1):73-90. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=546307



IEEE: Copy

TABATABAEI, M., 2016. THE PROBLEM OF DISTINCTION AND THE TWOFOLD MEANING OF EXISTENCE IN DESCARTES. FALSAFEH (THE IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY), [online] 44(1), pp.73-90. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=546307.



 
 
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