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Paper Information

Journal:   MIRROR OF HERITAGE   SPRING-SUMMER 2015 , Volume 13 , Number 1 (56); Page(s) 141 To 166.
 
Paper: 

A CRITIQUE OF THE AHADITH AND QESAS-E MATHNAVI (THE INFLUENCE OF THE CULTURE AND LITERATURE OF PRE-ISLAMIC IRAN ON THE MATHNAVI)

 
 
Author(s):  SABZIANPOUR VAHID, REZAEI SADIQEH, KHOSRAVI SAMIREH
 
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Abstract: 

One of the great detriments to the practice of expounding and analyzing the Persian literary texts, particularly the Mathnavi of Jalal al-Din of Balkh, is excessive reference to Arabic sayings and verses, taking no notice of the culture and literature of ancient Persians. To discern the heavy presence of such elements, it would suffice to glance through the lists of Arabic verses and proverbial expressions in relation to to the commentaries of the Mathnavi. Here, what have been overlooked are the thoughts and culture of ancient Persians, which, unfortunately, hold no appropriate place in the commentaries on the Persian classical texts. Despite the fact that most of the Middle Persian (Pahlavi) texts have been lost, there are still enough materials about Persians and their ancient culture scattered, varied and rich though, here and there in Arabic texts that can make up for the lost Pahlavi texts. One can claim that the most important sources for the ancient Persian culture are Arabic.
In this article, we will demonstrate that not only are Arabic texts not the provenances of a good number of axioms and sayings but also most of them are originally Persian, and that. it is the Arabic literature which owes to the ancient Persian language and literature It is, therefore, essential that our literary scholars and men of insight pay necessary attention to this matter.
The reason for doing this study is the huge influence of the two books, Ahadith-e Mathnavi and Ma'akhez-e qesas and tamsilat-e Mathnavi ("the origins of the stories and proverbial expressions in the Mathnavi")on the researches related to the Mathnavi.

 
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