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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCHER BULLETIN OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (PEJOUHANDEH)   2003-2004 , Volume 8 , Number 5 (35); Page(s) 351 To 354.
 
Paper: 

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF NEONATAL POISONING IN LOGHMAN - HAKIM HOSPITAL, 1996-2001

 
 
Author(s):  FARNAGHI F., MIR ZENDEDEL S.
 
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Abstract: 

Background: Neonatal period is one of the most important periods of life; however, we still know very little about management of poisoning in newborn infants. Thus, the present study was conducted in Loghman-e-Hakim during a 5-year period, 1996-2001.
Materials and methods: It was a retrospective study of existing data type. All neonates who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of poisoning were included. Age, type of poisoning material, clinical features, duration of hospitalization, and therapeutic outcomes were all determined.
Results: The study population included 34 boys and 16 girls. 70% of subjects were 14 days or older. The most common cause of poisoning was opium (78%). The most common causes of opium poisoning were irritability and diarrhea. The most frequent clinical manifestations were: poor feeding (86%), cyanosis (66%), myosis (64%) and respiratory distress (58%). The mean duration of hospitalization was 3.6±1.9 days. Finally, only 2 were died (one due opium and the other due to mercury vapor).
Conclusions: Informing families about serious poisoning especially opium and further attention of physician to non specific signs of poisoning in neonatal periods is recommended.

 
Keyword(s): POISONING, NEONATE, OPIUM
 
References: 
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