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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF URMIA NURSING AND MIDWIFERY FACULTY   JUNE 2017 , Volume 15 , Number 3 (92); Page(s) 159 To 167.
 
Paper: 

THE NATURE OF PREHOSPITAL MEDICAL INTERVENTIONS DELIVERED TO TRAUMATIC PATIENTS IN TABRIZ

 
 
Author(s):  DADASHZADEH A., DEHGHANNEJHAD J., SHAMS VAHDATI S., SOHEILI A.*, SADEGHI BAZARGHANI H.
 
* STUDENT RESEARCH COMMITTEE, SCHOOL OF NURSING & MIDWIFERY, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & Aims: Appropriateness and Nature of clinical decisions and medical interventions in trauma management is one of the most important concepts in prehospital trauma care systems. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the nature of prehospital medical interventions delivered to traumatic patients in Tabriz.
Materials & Methods: In this descriptive study, the records of all traumatic patients activated EMS and led to a prehospital mission, investigated in 2014. A six-part checklist consisted of patients’characteristics, mechanism of injury, type of trauma, level of consciousness, medical interventions, physician consult and coordination with the hospital were used for collecting data. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to the data by SPSS v.13 software.
Results: A total of 5614 out of 37002 registered missions during a year were related to trauma injuries.
Traffic accidents (72.9%) were the most common cause of trauma and blunt trauma (85.6%) were the most common type of trauma among injured patients. Although 92.46%of traumas were related to head and neck trauma and multiple trauma, the cervical collar has been merely used for 11.5 percent of them.
Also, 93% of the trauma missions led to the transfer of patients to the hospital while in 99.43% of them, no coordination was done between prehospital emergency medical services and hospitals’ A& E departments.
Conclusion: According to study results, despite the high percentage of trauma to the head and neck and multiple trauma, the cervical collar and long back board has been merely used for a few traumatic patients which is unacceptable and indicates the necessity of organizing prehospital trauma care courses and workshops for emergency medical technicians. Also, regarding the lack of coordination between prehospital and hospital facilities, it seems that a much more robust and organized structure is required in Iranian healthcare system.

 
Keyword(s): TRAUMA, PREHOSPITAL EMERGENCY, MEDICAL INTERVENTIONS, TABRIZ
 
References: 
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