SID.ir New Version

Paper Information

Journal:   ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF CROP PRODUCTION   SUMMER 2016 , Volume 9 , Number 2; Page(s) 111 To 126.
 
Paper: 

Crop Rotation Effects On The Critical Period Of Weed Control In Canola

 
 
Author(s):  Salehian H.*, Jamshidi M.
 
* DEPT. OF AGRONOMY, QAEMSHAHR BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, QAEMSHAHR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background and objectives. The fundamental role of integrated weed management (IWM) is to provide a source of scientifically based knowledge from which growers can make informed weed-management decisions, for this reason IWM approaches can help to decline cost and improve weed control. Critical period of weed control (CPWC) is defined as the best time for weeding. If CPWC is recognized we can accurately use herbicides and prevent environmental pollutions. Beginning and duration of CPWC despond on some agents such as crop and weed traits, environment and agronomical factors. With respect to inexistence data about the effect crop rotation on the CPWC this study was done.Materials and methods: In order to determine effect two different crop rotations (wheat-canola and soybean-canola) on the critical period of weed control in rape seed, two experimental designs were performed for the first and second rotation in 2011 and 2012, respectively. These studies did in the suburban of Galugah region in randomize completely block format with three replications. Factors which measured were some soil physico-chemical characteristics (bulk density, nitrogen, phosphorous and organic carbon), yield and yield components and also number and weight of weed species. Treatments included periods of weed management on the canola growth stages (five weeding and competition levels up emergence, two leaf stage, four leaf stage, eight leaf stage, flowering stage plus two control treatments). For estimating critical period of weed control we used Gompertz (for computing weed-free duration) and Logistic (for measuring weedy duration) equations.Results: Findings showed canarygrass dominated in both rotations. Species diversity in soybean-canola rotation by using Shannon index (H=0.69) was higher than wheat-canola (H= 0.45). Canola yield was 4060 and 2280 kg ha-1 in the wheat-canola and soybean-canola rotations, respectively. Further yield in the first rotation can be related to positive role of organic matter which was more in the soil and its influence on the most important yield component that was number pod in each plant. The CPWC for wheat- canola rotation was between 161 and 354 days after planting (DAP) (emergence to six-leaf stage) and between 65 to 920 DAP (planting up maturity stage), using 5 percent acceptable yield reduction. Hood canary grass (Phalaris paradoxa), Carrot bur parsley (Caucalis platycarpos), Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) and Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis) were dominant in wheat-canola rotation but Littleseed canarygrass (Phalaris minor) and Yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis) were the dominant weed in wheat-soybean rotation.Conclusion: CPWC in soybean-canola rotation relative to wheat-canola rotation begined sooner and its duration also was longer.
 
Keyword(s): CULTURE SUCCESSION, INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT, WEED CONTROL
 
 
International related papers: 
 
Most related Highly related Moderately related Least related
 
References: 
  • Not Registered.
  •  
  •  
 
Citations: 
  • Not Registered.
 
+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

SALEHIAN, H., & JAMSHIDI, M. (2016). CROP ROTATION EFFECTS ON THE CRITICAL PERIOD OF WEED CONTROL IN CANOLA. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF CROP PRODUCTION, 9(2), 111-126. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=537286



Vancouver: Copy

SALEHIAN H., JAMSHIDI M.. CROP ROTATION EFFECTS ON THE CRITICAL PERIOD OF WEED CONTROL IN CANOLA. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF CROP PRODUCTION. 2016 [cited 2022May28];9(2):111-126. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=537286



IEEE: Copy

SALEHIAN, H., JAMSHIDI, M., 2016. CROP ROTATION EFFECTS ON THE CRITICAL PERIOD OF WEED CONTROL IN CANOLA. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF CROP PRODUCTION, [online] 9(2), pp.111-126. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=537286.



 
 
Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 69
 
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog