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Paper Information

Journal:   QOM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL   JUNE 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 4; Page(s) 48 To 57.
 
Paper: 

ANALYSIS OF SELF-CARE BEHAVIORS AND ITS RELATED FACTORS AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS

 
 
Author(s):  MOEINI BABAK, TAYMOORI PARVANEH, HAJI MAGHSOUDI SAEEDEH, AFSHARI MARYAM*, KHARGHANI MOGHADDAM SEYEDE MELIKA, BAGHERI FAHIMEH, MORADI KHEIROLAH, ZAVAR CHAHAR TAGH JAVAD
 
* FACULTY OF PUBLIC HEALTH, HAMADAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, HAMADAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the most common health problems with remarkable outcomes. Treatment and management of diabetes is mainly related to self-care status. This study aimed to analyzing self-care behaviors and its related factors in diabetic patients.
Methods: In this descriptive study, 131 diabetic patients referred to the Tuyserkan Diabetes Clinic in 2014, were studied by census method. Self-care behaviors data were collected by self-care scale of Toobert and Glasgow. Background information of diabetic patients, were investigated using pre-designed checklists based on forms in patients` records. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman’s correlation coefficient tests. The significance level was considered to be 5%.
Results: Out of total 131 diabetic patients, 66 persons (50.4%) were male and 65 persons (49.6%) were female. Their mean age was 51.8 years. Eight patients had heart disease complications. The mean self-care scores of the patients was 25.6 and was indicative of average level of self-care. Self-care behaviors were significantly associated with education level, employment status, type of treatment, and body mass index. There was a significant relationship between self-care components (including diet, physical activity, blood glucose testing and foot care).
Conclusion: Considering the self-care status of patients and the importance of self-care training for diabetics, more attention should be paid to self-care in diabetic patients in health education and health promotion programs.

 
Keyword(s): SELF, CARE, DIABETES MELLITUS, HEALTH EDUCATION, HEALTH PROMOTION
 
References: 
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