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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR)   JULY-AUGUST 2016 , Volume 21 , Number 4; Page(s) 424 To 429.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NURSES’ CLINICAL COMPETENCE AND BURNOUT IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS

 
 
Author(s):  SOROUSH FATEMEHZAHRA, ZARGHAM BOROUJENI ALI, NAMNABATI MAHBOUBEH*
 
* NURSING AND MIDWIFERY CARE RESEARCH CENTER, FACULTY OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background: Nurses’ clinical competency plays an important role in the care of preterm infants. On the other hand, burnoutis one of the most important factors in reducing the nurses’ efficiency. With regard to the importance of the role of nurses, andthe vulnerability of the infants, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between nurses’ burnout and clinicalcompetency in NICUs.
Materials and Methods: The descriptive cross?sectional study was conducted with the participation of 86 nurses working in theNICUs of hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. Census sampling method was used in the NICUs of educational hospitals in 2014. Data werecollected by a questionnaire including demographic characteristics, Patricia clinical competency, and Maslach burnout scales. Datawere analyzed by the statistical tests of independent t?test and Pearson correlations test with the significance level of ?<0.05.
Results: Six dimensions of clinical competency and three dimensions of nurses’ burnout were assessed at three levels (weak, moderate, and strong levels). Statistical tests showed that clinical competency was at a moderate level in all fields. Of thedimensions of nurses’ burnout, emotional exhaustion was moderate, depersonalization was weak, and personal performancewas strong. The results showed that nurses` burnout and clinical competency in the NICUs were at a moderate level and had asignificant negative relationship (r=?0.322, P=0.003).
Conclusions: Results showed that burnout had a negative relationship with competency. Therefore, managers are suggestedto improve nurses’ competency and diminish their job burnout through better and more applicable planning.
 
Keyword(s): CLINICAL COMPETENCY, INFANT, JOB BURNOUT, NICU, NURSES, IRAN
 
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