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Journal:   RURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES   WINTER 2016 , Volume 2 , Number 4; Page(s) 479 To 499.
 
Paper: 

Determining The Appropriate Economic Strategy To Conserve Groundwater Resources In Qazvin Plain

 
 
Author(s):  Parhizkari Abozar*, Hoseyni Khodadadi Mahdi, Taghizade Ranjbari Hossein, Mahmoodi Abolfazl
 
* UNIVERSITY OF PNU (RESEARCHER OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER OF QAZVIN PROVINCE AND THE MEMBER OF THE NATIONAL FOUNDATION OF ELITES)
 
Abstract: 
Qazvin plain is one of the capable plains in Iran to produce of agricultural goods.Unfortunately, due to inordinate shafts digging and irregular use of groundwater the level of groundwater has been decreased during two last decades so that water balance is negative now. To conserve the groundwater resources in this plain, strategies and appropriate policies are needed and this requires a better understanding of farmers’ behavior. Therefore, in the present study in order to investigate farmers' behavior in using of groundwater and determine appropriate strategies to conserve of groundwater resources in Qazvin plain, positive mathematical programming and production function with constant elasticity of substitution were used. The investigated strategies included increase in water price, decrease in water availability and deficit irrigation strategy and were investigated under various scenarios. The required data were registered information related to 2011-2012 collected from relevant departments in Qazvin province. The model was solved using GAMS 23.9 software. The results showed that all the investigated strategies led to water saving however the average gross profit changes decreased by 3.13, 8.61 and 5.54 percent with increasing water price, decrease in water availability and deficit irrigation, respectively. Finally, considering the less reduction in average gross profit, the irrigation water pricing and then deficit irrigation strategies were proposed to conserve groundwater resources in Qazvin plain.
 
Keyword(s): CROPPING PATTERN, GROUNDWATER RESOURCES, MANAGEABLE STRATEGY, POSITIVE MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING MODEL
 
 
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APA: Copy

PARHIZKARI, A., & HOSEYNI KHODADADI, M., & TAGHIZADE RANJBARI, H., & MAHMOODI, A. (2016). DETERMINING THE APPROPRIATE ECONOMIC STRATEGY TO CONSERVE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES IN QAZVIN PLAIN. RURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES, 2(4), 479-499. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=522624



Vancouver: Copy

PARHIZKARI ABOZAR, HOSEYNI KHODADADI MAHDI, TAGHIZADE RANJBARI HOSSEIN, MAHMOODI ABOLFAZL. DETERMINING THE APPROPRIATE ECONOMIC STRATEGY TO CONSERVE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES IN QAZVIN PLAIN. RURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES. 2016 [cited 2022May29];2(4):479-499. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=522624



IEEE: Copy

PARHIZKARI, A., HOSEYNI KHODADADI, M., TAGHIZADE RANJBARI, H., MAHMOODI, A., 2016. DETERMINING THE APPROPRIATE ECONOMIC STRATEGY TO CONSERVE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES IN QAZVIN PLAIN. RURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES, [online] 2(4), pp.479-499. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=522624.



 
 
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