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Paper Information

Journal:   TRAUMA MONTHLY   MAY 2016 , Volume 21 , Number 2; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

PRE-HOSPITAL EMERGENCY IN IRAN: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

 
 
Author(s):  BAHADORI MOHAMMAD KARIM, GHARDASHI FATEMEH*, IZADI AHMAD REZA, RAVANGARD RAMIN, MIRHASHEMI SEDIGHEH, HOSSEINI SEYED MOJTABA
 
* HEALTH MANAGEMENT RESEARCH CENTRE, BAQIYATALLAH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Context: Pre-hospital care plays a vital role in saving trauma patients.
Objectives: This study aims to review studies conducted on the pre-hospital emergency status in Iran.
Data Sources: Data were sourced from Iranian electronic databases, including SID, IranMedex, IranDoc, Magiran, and non-Iranian electronic databases, such as Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Google Scholar. In addition, available data and statistics for the country were used.
Data Selection: All Persian-language articles published in Iranian scientific journals and related English-language articles published in Iranian and non-Iranian journals indexed on valid sites for September 2005 - 2014 were systematically reviewed.
Data Extraction: To review the selected articles, a data extraction form developed by the researchers as per the study’s objective was adopted. The articles were examined under two categories: structure and function of pre-hospital emergency.
Results: A total of 19 articles were selected, including six descriptive studies (42%), four descriptive-analytical studies (21%), five review articles (16%), two qualitative studies (10.5%), and two interventional (experimental) studies (10.5%). In addition, of these, 14 articles (73.5%) had been published in the English language. The focus of these selected articles were experts (31.5%), bases of emergency medical services (26%), injured (16%), data reviews (16%), and employees (10.5%). A majority of the studies (68%) investigated pre-hospital emergency functions and 32% reviewed the pre-hospital emergency structure.
Conclusions: The number of studies conducted on pre-hospital emergency services in Iran is limited. To promote public health, consideration of prevention areas, processes to provide pre-hospital emergency services, policymaking, foresight, systemic view, comprehensive research programs and roadmaps, and assessments of research needs in pre-hospital emergency seem necessary.

 
Keyword(s): PRE-HOSPITAL EMERGENCY, IRAN, SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
 
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