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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF URBAN ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT   SPRING 2014 , Volume 2 , Number 6; Page(s) 19 To 35.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF URBAN MANAGEMENT ON REDUCING INDUSTRIAL POLLUTANTS IN THE CITY OF MAHSHAHR

 
 
Author(s):  MAROUFNEJAD ABBAS*, REIS GHANAVATI KAMRAN
 
* FACULTY OF LITERATURE AND HUMANITIES, MAHSHAHR ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, KHOUZESTAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In some urban districts, population growth and, then, traffic increase and also the establishment of different industries have resulted in higher temperature in some districts than the others. Concentration of pollutants emitted from public transport and industries in different districts of the city have caused the increase in polluting gases and the resultant environmental temperature increase; an issue which forms Urban Heat Islands. Such conditions would jeopardize the next generations' economic profits and resources as well as social benefits, standing against the concept of sustainable development. Therefore, through field research and required studies, it would be possible to take required measures for the distribution of heat pattern in the city. The major purpose behind this research is identifying and studying pollutants and heat islands resulting from human functions in the city of Mahshahr and is preventing pollution of bio-resources via setting environmental planning and strategies. The current article aims at delineating the importance of paying attention to the issue of sustainable development in urban management. The current study makes use of field study and the research method is descriptive-inferrential, According to the collected data, the number of active industries in the city of Mahshahr exceeds 72 sections including chemical, petrochemical, metallurgical, non-metallurgical mineral, food, textile, and cellulosic industries which are significant, variety-wise. The major source of pollution in the city of Mahshahr, which taking role both in making the pollutants and in forming heat islands and temperature increase, is the industry section (75%) and the rest is from urban sources (heating systems, agriculture, transport, etc.). Thus, the more active the industries are, the more pollutants like carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon, sulfur monoxide, nitrogen oxide and atmospheric particulates are produced which have an undeniable role in temperature increase and the formation of heat islands in specific urban districts.

 
Keyword(s): POLLUTANTS, HEAT ISLANDS, CITY OF MAHSHAHR, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, URBAN MANAGEMENT
 
References: 
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