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Paper Information

Journal:   DANESHVAR MEDICINE   May-June 2003 , Volume 10 , Number 45; Page(s) 15 To 22.
 
Paper: 

A SURVEY ON SLEEP DISORDERS VARIETY IN STUDENT OF SHAHED UNIVERSITY

 
 
Author(s):  NABAVI S.M., BOHAYRAEI A.R.
 
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Abstract: 

The aim of among study was to demonstrate the variety of sleep disorders occurring among the students and to estimate the prevalence of main sleep disorders in this pilot study, of Iranian general population.

We carried out a cross - section study. This study involved a random population of 300 subjects of students in various colleges of shahed university, who were interviewed during the April and May in 2002, in Tehran. It was included 152 Males (%50.7) and 148 females (%49.3) and mean age was 21. 7 years. We used a clinical questionnaire including sociodemographic data, habits, sleep disorders and information regarding the somatic and psychiatric pathology. A detailed analysis of the influence of sex; age, course of study, marriage, occupational status, habitation, day time activities (Exercise), social life satisfaction.

Insomnia symptoms were reported less than one - fourth of students. The overall prevalence of positivity in a scroening test of psychiatric disorder was %24.1 and insomnia %23.5. Different type of insomnia including: difficulty intaining sleep (DIS) was (%48.9), difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS) was (%17), walking up earlier in the morning ht and early morning and waking up during the night by pathologic disorders (%7.7).

Other results indicate prevalence %64.5 for excessive daytime and naps %44.6 for night time terror and nightmare %20 for sleep Apnea and %8.1 for snoring and obstructive Apnea and %29.3 for sleep paralysis. %55.9 Respondents have a main sleep duration between (6.5 to 8.5) hour and %28.4 of them having a total sleep time less than 7 hour and %8.8 having (T.S.T) more than 9 hour. Furthermore, various types of insomnia were associated with unmarried (p=0.009); occupying (p=0.05); living in student dormitory (p=0.001)and dissatisfaction from social life (p=0.001)and dissatisfied from course of study in college (p=0.02).

The consumption of sleep - enhancing medication and medication to reduce anxiety and depreciation is important: in shape from %12.5 student who consumption medication and %75 of them using one of this Drugs: Anti - anxiety (%39.3), Anti - depressant (%28.6) and sedative and hypnotic drag (%7.1). A high prevalence of sleep disorders is estimated in young Adult students of shahed university in Tehran. Our data in general is similar to those found in other countries, and different found are discussed.

 

 
Keyword(s): SLEEP DISORDERS, SLEEP, SLEEP DISORDERS OCCURING AMONG THE STUDENTS, INSOMNIA
 
References: 
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