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Paper Information

Journal:   JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES   OCTOBER 2015 , Volume 7 , Number 4; Page(s) 26 To 34.
 
Paper: 

IDENTIFYING MAJOR DIETARY PATTERNS AMONG THE ELDERLY IN TEHRAN HEALTH HOMES

 
DOI: 

10.17795/jjhs-30395

 
Author(s):  ABDOLLAHI SHIMA, ZEINALI FAHIME, AZAM KAMAL, TOUPCHIAN OMID, DJAFARIAN KUROSH*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, SCHOOL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCES AND DIETETICS, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background: Previous studies on diet have primarily focused on individual nutrients or foods. Recently, the analysis of dietary patterns has emerged as a possible approach for examining food consumption. A literature review revealed no studies of dietary patterns in elderly Iranians.Objectives: Our objective was to identify the major dietary intake patterns among the elderly in the health homes located in Zone 5 of Tehran city, Iran.Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study (descriptive), 368 elderly people (? 60 years old) were randomly selected. Their usual dietary intake during the past year was assessed using a 168-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Major food patterns were derived using factor analysis after the classification of food items into 26 groups.Results: Four major dietary patterns were identified in the studied population: 1) healthy pattern, characterized by a higher intake of vegetables, tomato and tomato sauce, vegetable oil, olive, and fruits; 2) unhealthy pattern, characterized by a higher intake of red meat, fast food, snacks, sugar, honey and jam, soft drinks, and high-fat dairy products; 3). traditional pattern characterized by intake of whole grains, hydrogenated oil and animal fat, beans, salt, and pickles; and 4) protein-rich pattern, characterized by intake of chicken and poultry, fish, grains, and organ meats. These four major dietary patterns explained 16.3%, 7.5%, 6.7%, and 5.7% of the total variance, respectively.Conclusions: Four major dietary patterns were identified in the present studied population that can be used to provide tangible dietary advice for the elderly.
 
Keyword(s): FACTOR ANALYSIS, FOOD PATTERN, ELDERLY, FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE
 
 
References: 
 
Citations: 
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APA: Copy

ABDOLLAHI, S., & ZEINALI, F., & AZAM, K., & TOUPCHIAN, O., & DJAFARIAN, K. (2015). IDENTIFYING MAJOR DIETARY PATTERNS AMONG THE ELDERLY IN TEHRAN HEALTH HOMES. JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES, 7(4), 26-34. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=470551



Vancouver: Copy

ABDOLLAHI SHIMA, ZEINALI FAHIME, AZAM KAMAL, TOUPCHIAN OMID, DJAFARIAN KUROSH. IDENTIFYING MAJOR DIETARY PATTERNS AMONG THE ELDERLY IN TEHRAN HEALTH HOMES. JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES. 2015 [cited 2021December09];7(4):26-34. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=470551



IEEE: Copy

ABDOLLAHI, S., ZEINALI, F., AZAM, K., TOUPCHIAN, O., DJAFARIAN, K., 2015. IDENTIFYING MAJOR DIETARY PATTERNS AMONG THE ELDERLY IN TEHRAN HEALTH HOMES. JUNDISHAPUR JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES, [online] 7(4), pp.26-34. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=470551.



 
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