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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF FIELD CROPS RESEARCH   WINTER 2015 , Volume 12 , Number 4; Page(s) 704 To 717.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF EXTERNAL USAGE OF GLYCINE BETAINE ON CORN (ZEA MAYS L.) IN DROUGHT CONDITION

 
 
Author(s):  MIRI H.R.*, ZAMANI MOGHADAM A.
 
* ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, ARSANJAN BRANCH
 
Abstract: 

Drought is one of the most important factors limiting crop growth and therefore use of practice to reduce its adverse effect is very important. In order to study the effect of glycine betaine on corn under drought condition an experiment was conducted as split-split plot in the base of randomized complete blocks design. The first factor was irrigation interval cycle (4 and 8 days) and second factor including different concentrations of glycine betaine (zero, 50 ppm, 100 ppm,150 ppm) and third was spraying in two stages (stem elongation stage and before flowering). Analysis of variance showed that effects of three factors on all of traits except for carotenoids were significant. However, foliar application of glycine betaine reduced effect of drought stress conditions on the plant so that extent of chlorophyll (a and b), plant height, yield and 1000 grain weight increased significantly. Spraying by glycine betaine caused improving plant performance in stress conditions, so that in the concentration of 150 ppm produced the highest quality in all of traits that preference was more evident before flowering. By considering these results it could be said that spraying with 150 ppm of glycine betaine before flowering in the condition of stress and without drought stress could improve the extent of chlorophyll (a and b), plant height, yield and yield components. Eventually it could be concluded that external glycine betaine with 150 ppm concentration while spraying before flowering had great positive effects and usage of that material is affected by time of application concentration and more stress severity.

 
Keyword(s): COMPATIBLE SOLUTES, OSMOTIC ADJUSTMENT, STRESS TOLERANCE, IRRIGATION
 
References: 
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