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Paper Information

Journal:   PREVENTIVE CARE IN NURSING & MIDWIFERY JOURNAL   SPRING-SUMMER 2015 , Volume 5 , Number 1; Page(s) 71 To 79.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF AUDITORY STIMULATION BY RECITATION OF PRAYERS (AZAN) ON CONSCIOUSNESS LEVEL OF COMATOSE PATIENTS: A CLINICAL TRIAL

 
 
Author(s):  MOGHADDAM F., PAYAMI BOUSARI M.*, FAGHIHZADEH S.
 
* DEPT. OF HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER, ZANJAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ZANJAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Traumatic brain injury and resulted coma are major causes of death and disability. Coma stimulation techniques are recently proposed to improve coma status. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of hearing Azan on level of consciousness among patients.
Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 33 patients with coma were randomly divided into two intervention and control groups. Patients in the intervention group received Azan sound using headphones 2 times a day, at noon and evening prayer times, for 14 days. Level of consciousness was measured at baseline and after each intervention. Consciousness level was recorded in the same way in the control group without any intervention. Data were analyzed in the SPSS-16.
Results: The patients aged 14 to 68 years old. At baseline, the mean consciousness scores in the intervention and control groups were 6.5 and 6.7, respectively. The mean consciousness scores were 11.6 in the intervention and 8.7 in the control groups in 14th day of the intervention. Repeated measure ANOVA showed that Azan sound increased consciousness level in the intervention group (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Auditory stimulation using Azan sound increased level of consciousness in comatose patients.

 
Keyword(s): COMA, AUDITORY STIMULATION, CONSCIOUSNESS, COMATOSE TRAUMATIC PATIENT, IRAN
 
References: 
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