Paper Information

Journal:   AUDITORY AND VESTIBULAR RESEARCH   2014 , Volume 23 , Number 5; Page(s) 27 To 34.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF BACKGROUND MUSIC ON AUDITORY-VERBAL MEMORY PERFORMANCE

 
 
Author(s):  MATLOUBI SONA, MOHAMMADZADEH ALI*, JAFARI ZAHRA, AKBARZADE BAGHBAN ALIREZA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AUDIOLOGY, FACULTY OF REHABILITATION SCIENCES, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, DAMAVAND AVE., TEHRAN, 1616913111, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aim: Music exists in all cultures; many scientists are seeking to understand how music effects cognitive development such as comprehension, memory, and reading skills. More recently, a considerable number of neuroscience studies on music have been developed. This study aimed to investigate the effects of null and positive background music in comparison with silence on auditory-verbal memory performance.
Methods: Forty young adults (male and female) with normal hearing, aged between 18 and 26, participated in this comparative-analysis study. An auditory and speech evaluation was conducted in order to investigate the effects of background music on working memory. Subsequently, the Rey auditory-verbal learning test was performed for three conditions: silence, positive, and null music.
Results: The mean score of the Rey auditory-verbal learning test in silence condition was higher than the positive music condition (p=0.003) and the null music condition (p=0.01). The tests results did not reveal any gender differences.
Conclusion: It seems that the presence of competitive music (positive and null music) and the orientation of auditory attention have negative effects on the performance of verbal working memory. It is possibly owing to the intervention of music with verbal information processing in the brain.

 
Keyword(s): MEMORY, REY AUDITORY-VERBAL LEARNING TEST, BACKGROUND MUSIC, AUDITORY-VERBAL PERFORMANCE
 
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